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Basic Product Costing Concepts.mp4
 
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Basic product costing concepts video
Views: 90387 K S
Product Costs in Manufacturing (aka Inventoriable Costs)
 
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This video explains the concept of product costs (aka inventoriable costs) for a manufacturing firm. An example is provided to illustrate how product costs attach to a product (first as inventory, then later through cost of goods sold), as opposed to period costs which are expensed as incurred (and thus are not attached to the product or affected by its flow). Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 43090 Edspira
Product Costing
 
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Bob wants to know how much his bakery products cost to manufacture. Bobs applies job costing and process costing principles to work out the cost of two products in his bakery.
Topic 8 - Product costing
 
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A recording of Lecture 8 of Accounting for Managerial Decisions for the Autumn 2016 session. Provides an introduction to product costing. Recorded on May 19, 2016.
Views: 3970 drdavebond
Absorption Costing
 
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This video explains the concept of Absorption Costing in Managerial Accounting. A comprehensive example is provided to explain how absorption costing is used to calculate per unit product costs as well as to create an absorption costing income statement. The video also contrasts the absorption costing method with the variable cost method and discusses how the use of absorption costing can lead to distorted measures of profitability and perverse managerial incentives. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 260041 Edspira
Food Product Cost & Pricing Tutorial
 
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Step-by-step directions on how to use the Small Food Business Food Product Cost & Pricing Spreadsheet tool to determine accurate product costs and create a profitable multi-channel pricing strategy.
Views: 225890 Small Food Business
Manufacturing Costs (Direct Materials, Labor, Manufacturing Overhead) and Product and Period Costs.
 
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Full Crash Course on Udemy for $9.99! http://bit.ly/2DfGBXu ​Costs can be split up into manufacturing and non-manufacturing costs. We'll look over certain direct and indirect costs and decide how they should be categorized. This tutorial will come in handy when we begin to prepare Cost of Goods Manufactured Statements! Website: http://www.notepirate.com Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Note-Pirate/514933148520001?ref=hl Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/notepirate We appreciate all of the support you guys have given us. Be apart of the mission to help us reach more students by subscribing, thumbs upping and adding the videos to your favorites! ** Notepirate is privately owned and exclusive to Notepirate.com.**
Views: 74691 Notepirate
Cost Per Equivalent Unit (weighted average method)
 
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This video explains what equivalent units are in the context of managerial accounting and demonstrates how to calculate the cost per equivalent unit with an in-depth example. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 212450 Edspira
Activity Based Costing vs. Traditional Costing
 
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This video discusses the key differences between Activity Based Costing and traditional costing systems in the context of managerial accounting. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 185153 Edspira
Process Costing with Example | Managerial Accounting | CMA Exam | Ch 4 P 1
 
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Process costing is used when there is mass production of similar products, where the costs associated with individual units of output cannot be differentiated from each other. In other words, the cost of each product produced is assumed to be the same as the cost of every other product. Under this concept, costs are accumulated over a fixed period of time, summarized, and then allocated to all of the units produced during that period of time on a consistent basis. When products are instead being manufactured on an individual basis, job costing is used to accumulate costs and assign the costs to products. When a production process contains some mass manufacturing and some customized elements, then a hybrid costing system is used. Examples of the industries where this type of production occurs include oil refining, food production, and chemical processing. For example, how would you determine the precise cost required to create one gallon of aviation fuel, when thousands of gallons of the same fuel are gushing out of a refinery every hour? The cost accounting methodology used for this scenario is process costing. Process costing is the only reasonable approach to determining product costs in many industries. It uses most of the same journal entries found in a job costing environment, so there is no need to restructure the chart of accounts to any significant degree. This makes it easy to switch over to a job costing system from a process costing one if the need arises, or to adopt a hybrid approach that uses portions of both systems. Example of Process Cost Accounting As a process costing example, ABC International produces purple widgets, which require processing through multiple production departments. The first department in the process is the casting department, where the widgets are initially created. During the month of March, the casting department incurs $50,000 of direct material costs and $120,000 of conversion costs (comprised of direct labor and factory overhead). The department processes 10,000 widgets during March, so this means that the per unit cost of the widgets passing through the casting department during that time period is $5.00 for direct materials and $12.00 for conversion costs. The widgets then move to the trimming department for further work, and these per-unit costs will be carried along with the widgets into that department, where additional costs will be added. Types of Process Costing There are three types of process costing, which are: Weighted average costs. This version assumes that all costs, whether from a preceding period or the current one, are lumped together and assigned to produced units. It is the simplest version to calculate. Standard costs. This version is based on standard costs. Its calculation is similar to weighted average costing, but standard costs are assigned to production units, rather than actual costs; after total costs are accumulated based on standard costs, these totals are compared to actual accumulated costs, and the difference is charged to a variance account. First-in first-out costing (FIFO). FIFO is a more complex calculation that creates layers of costs, one for any units of production that were started in the previous production period but not completed, and another layer for any production that is started in the current period. There is no last in, first out (LIFO) costing method used in process costing, since the underlying assumption of process costing is that the first unit produced is, in fact, the first unit used, which is the FIFO concept. Why have three different cost calculation methods for process costing, and why use one version instead of another? The different calculations are required for different cost accounting needs. The weighted average method is used in situations where there is no standard costing system, or where the fluctuations in costs from period to period are so slight that the management team has no need for the slight improvement in costing accuracy that can be obtained with the FIFO costing method. Alternatively, process costing that is based on standard costs is required for costing systems that use standard costs. It is also useful in situations where companies manufacture such a broad mix of products that they have difficulty accurately assigning actual costs to each type of product; under the other process costing methodologies, which both use actual costs, there is a strong chance that costs for different products will become mixed together. Process costing, equivalent units of production, FiFO method, weighted average, conversion cost flow of costs, cost accounted for, cpa exam, managerial accounting, raw materials, job order costing, work in process, processing departments, transferred-in cost, transferred out cost
Job Order Costing
 
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This video explains what job order costing is in the context of managerial accounting. An example is provided to illustrate how a job cost sheet is completed to account for the cost of a job under the job order costing method. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 115422 Edspira
3 Types of Manufacturing Costs (Direct Materials, Direct Labor, Manufacturing Overhead)
 
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This videos identifies and defines the three types of manufacturing costs: Direct Materials, Direct Labor, and Manufacturing Overhead. The video also provides examples of each type of manufacturing cost to better illustrate the concepts. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 164597 Edspira
Job Order Costing vs Process Costing
 
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This video discusses the differences between job-order costing and process costing in the context of managerial accounting. Examples are provided to illustrate how job-order costing is used for heterogeneous products while process costing is used for homogeneous products, with an emphasis on how costs flow through departments rather than jobs under process costing (with work-in-process inventory accounts for each department). Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 75660 Edspira
3 Minutes! Activity Based Costing Managerial Accounting Example (ABC Super Simplified)
 
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For Part 2, Go To http://mbabullshit.com/ If You Liked it, Support my Free Videos at https://www.patreon.com/MBAbull Activity Based Costing Example In 3 Minutes Activity Based Costing is different from traditional costing... Traditional costing is easy because if often just divides some types of costs equally between different items. These are usually costs which are a bit difficult to divide or allocate between products, such as electricity, telephone bills, internet usage, rent, salaries, and others.However, Activity Based Costing finds ways to divide or allocate these costs more proportionally or "fairly"... ...so that we can write down a higher cost for items or products which use more of the stuff related to costs. For example, we might want to write down a higher electric power cost for burgers than for lemonades. As a result, this might cause us to sell our burgers at a higher price than the lemonades, and the lemonades at a lower price than the burgers. Of course, electric power is not the only cost in making burgers and lemonades. Therefore, we have to think about other costs as well before making our final pricing decisions. Check out my free video at http://www.MBAbullshit.com See ya there!
Views: 213551 MBAbullshitDotCom
Job Costing - Flow of Costs
 
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Manufacturing costs Product costs Flow of costs in manufacturing t-accounts Allocating overhead Example of calculating overhead applied under normal costing and actual costing
Operation Costing
 
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Operation Costing is a cost system that is a hybrid of job-order costing and process costing. Operation Costing is used when a manufacturer makes products that require different raw materials but use the same conversion process. Thus, the cost of direct materials per unit is different and the conversion cost per unit is identical for each product under a system of Operation Costing. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ✅ Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/EducationUnlocked?sub_confirmation=1 Edspira website: https://www.edspira.com/ Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin
Views: 844 Edspira
Joint Product Costs and the Splitoff Point
 
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This video introduces the concept of joint costs and the splitoff point in managerial accounting. Joint products refer to two or more products that are produced from the same input. The point at which the raw product is transformed into multiple joint products is known as the splitoff point. (Note: a product with a relatively low sales value may be referred to as a by-product rather than a joint product) Costs incurred prior to the splitoff point are known as joint costs. Joint costs are commonly allocated to the individual joint products (using the relative sales method, physical unit method, or Net Realizeable Value method) for purposes of computing Cost of Goods Sold. However, joint costs are not relevant when deciding what to do with a product after the splitoff point has been reached (for example, in a sell-or-process further decision). After the splitoff point has been reached, joint costs have already been incurred-- thus, managers should only consider the incremental costs and revenues. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 50805 Edspira
Activity Based Costing Systems for Overhead (Cost Accounting Tutorial #28)
 
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Full Crash Course on Udemy for $9.99: http://bit.ly/2Dhip74 Activity based costing (ABC) systems provide a way of splitting overhead costs into different overhead activities. The costs are then allocated to products or projects proportionally by their cost driver activity levels. Join us as we go through an example to explain ABC costing. Website: http://www.notepirate.com Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Note-Pirate/514933148520001?ref=hl Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/notepirate We appreciate all of the support you guys have given us. Be apart of the mission to help us reach more students by subscribing, thumbs upping and adding the videos to your favorites! ** Notepirate is privately owned and exclusive to Notepirate.com.**
Views: 33403 Notepirate
Activity Based Costing (with full-length example)
 
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This video explains the process of Activity-based Costing and illustrates how Activity-based Costing is used with an example. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 210275 Edspira
Variable Costing (the Variable Costing method in Managerial Accounting)
 
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This video explains the Variable Costing method that some manufacturing firms use internally to compute product costs and calculate cost of goods sold. An example is provided to illustrate how to use Variable Costing to calculate the product cost per unit and to create a Variable Costing Income Statement. The video also discusses the difference between Variable Costing and Absorption Costing and explains why Variable Costing is in many ways superior to Absorption Costing. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 87596 Edspira
Managerial Accounting 4.2: Product Cost Flows in a Process Costing System
 
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This video describes the flow of product costs in a process costing system.
Views: 749 KurtHeisinger
Cost component structure in SAP Product Costing
 
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This video about how to create cost component structure in product costing. if you any queries you can send mail to my id:[email protected] /Call @ 9902312118.
Views: 16599 SAP FICO Vision
Activity Based Costing Examples - Managerial Accounting video
 
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Activity Based Costing Example - Accounting video by TheAccountingDr is a tutorial video with examples on using an activity-based costing system: 1) calculate the allocation rate and 2) allocated costs (overhead/indirect costs) using the allocation rate. In addition, we calculate the indirect costs per unit of planned products as well as the product costs per unit of planned products (direct materials + direct labor + OH). Managerial Accounting lecture notes: http://tiny.cc/nw1enw Activity-Based Costing terminology review game: http://tiny.cc/mxgoow -- Thank you all for your wonderful support. Because of your support we have been able to reach and help numerous accounting students. Please continue to be a part of our mission to help other accounting students be successful by giving our videos thumbs up, giving comments and adding our videos to your favorites. Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=routhwsuedu Friend me on Facebook and post your questions: http://www.facebook.com/TheAccountingDoctor -- For more accounting/how to eLectures (and accompanying lecture notes) similar to Activity-Based Costing Examples - Managerial Accounting video, blog, FAQs and accounting eBooks visit http://www.TheAccountingDr.com. Activity-Based Costing Examples - Managerial Accounting video: http://youtu.be/7SNjEHIYjns -- Please note that videos may require Flash media and may not play on devices without Flash capabilities (i.e. iPad). If you are having difficulty viewing this video on YouTube, these videos may also be viewed without Flash on my website at http://www.TheAccountingDr.com.
Process Costing
 
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This video explains the concept of process costing in managerial accounting. Process costing is compared and contrasted with job-order costing, and an example is provided to illustrate the cost flows and associated journal entries of a process costing system. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 209786 Edspira
Product Costing - Fast or Accurate?
 
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Allison and Vince talk to Quirky, a product design company that designs 2 products a week. Quirky starts selling virtual products before they begin manufacturing. Quirky designers tell us about their costing process that gives accurate costing without burning vendor relationships.
Views: 2892 engineeringdotcom
Process Costing: Weighted Average Method
 
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70% Off the Complete Crash Course on Udemy: http://bit.ly/2Dhip74 In this lesson I'll be preparing a production report using the weighted average method. Make use of the template I provided and follow along as we complete the physical flow schedule, the number of equivalent units, cost per equivalent unit, COG completed/transferred out and a cost reconciliation. EDIT: I accidentally wrote physical units schedule instead of physical flow schedule. Sorry about that! Website: http://www.notepirate.com Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Note-Pirate/514933148520001?ref=hl Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/notepirate
Views: 11970 Notepirate
Product Costing System for the Pulp and Paper Industry
 
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EPS Product Cost Management is a powerful system that empowers pulp and paper companies to better control their production cost. This is done through excellent recipe and price management functionality supporting standard, actual and forward-looking costing.
Views: 1065 EPSCosting
Activity Based Costing (Part 1) Cost Pools and 1st Stage Allocation
 
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This video explains the process of activity-based costing. Using an example to illustrate the process, this video shows how to identify cost pools, assign costs to the costs pools in the first stage allocation, and calculate activity rates. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 96926 Edspira
Activity Based Costing Example in 6 Easy Steps - Managerial Accounting with ABC Costing
 
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Clicked here http://www.MBAbullshit.com/ and OMG wow!I'm SHOCKED how easy.. Imagine your brand makes two types of mobile phone devices. They are each produced working with one machine. The maintenance cost of the apparatus is $100 a month. What percentage should each style of telephone share under the maintenance cost? In order to be "just", some will suggest that the cost must be divided 50%-50%. However, what if Phone A consumes 90 hours of the machinery, and Phone B uses only 10 hours of the apparatus? Should the cost remain to be split 50%-50%? As part of classic "allocated" costing, the cost should probably still be split 50%-50%. However applying the principle of Activity Based Costing, it needs to most likely be cut up 90%-10% for the reason that one phone type is based on 90 hours of the apparatus monthly while the other cell phone form typically only consumes 10 hours of the identical device. The foregoing technique makes use of "amount of activity" for being a function of costing, and not just "allocation" where accountants simplistically allot the costs by the same token.Needless to say, for any product or service, there are a lot more activities to consider, and not only the employment of a particular device. These varying activities which generally encounter a mark on cost are classified as "cost drivers". Cost drivers may appear in numerous varieties for instance machine hours consumed, number of inspections, hours spent on inspections, number of production runs, quantity of hours used up throughout production, quantity of setups, together with multiple others.In the case above, we simply used machine hours consumed. Inside a less forgiving example, we may additionally need to consider the number of inspections. Suppose Phone A solicited added inspections by enterprise engineers than Phone B? It goes without saying, a great deal more of the compensation of institution engineers really needs to be allocated to Phone A. Whereas, what if Phone B solicited a great deal more production runs than Phone A? Again, we would struggle to conveniently partition broad production costs among the two mobile phone types. To further complicate the problem, what if Phone A, irrespective of using far less production runs, solicited more production setups than Phone B? Evidently, the difficulty of appropriately allocating costs to each of the phone models can get incredibly exhausting. Having said that, this difficulty can be really worth the effort if it helps a business apply extra meticulous or more defined costs on items, which can be made use to help the company in its pricing methods. The beauty of Activity Based Costing is that it considers all these diverse costs and cost drivers in a timely fashion, granting an organization the competence to perform pretty defined costing inspite of such concerns. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcjxRe4EsuY activity based costing, abc costing, what is activity based costing, what is abc http://mbabullshit.com/blog/activity-based-costing/
Views: 309917 MBAbullshitDotCom
Product Costing: #2 Purchased Materials Costing Overview
 
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Product Costing Video #2 What are the Inventory Costing Methods available? this video and the following ones will focus on Costing of Purchased Items (no production yet) Product Costing Video #1 https://youtu.be/RbXZgw2EZvI This is a part of the "SAP S4HANA 1709 Training Series", in the link below https://goo.gl/Nhj6FW Don't be shy to ask any questions! Subscribe and Follow: -Youtube - www.youtube.com/c/AbdullahGalal?sub_confirmation=1 -Linkedin - www.linkedin.com/in/galal -Facebook - www.facebook.com/AbdullahGalal.ERP -Facebook Group - www.facebook.com/groups/messg
Job Order Costing - Part 1 - Management Accounting
 
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The links to the problems are no longer working. If you want updated videos (with working links) try this playlist: https://youtu.be/2eG_UVdoJrA In this series of videos, we examine job order costing and the predetermined overhead rate. In the first video, we will look at cost concepts and the predetermined overhead rate. In the next 3 parts we will do a comprehensive example of job order costing involving journal entries, applying overhead and generating an income statement. This video and the attached worksheet were prepared by Tony Bell of Thompson Rivers University (TRU) - I encourage educators to freely use, edit and modify these videos and the attached worksheet - they are available under Creative Commons Licenses.
Views: 198949 Tony Bell
ABC Costing Allocation and product margin
 
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ABC Costing allocation of overhead and product margin
Views: 6468 Cheri Bergeron
Activity Based Costing
 
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Bob's business is growing with a wider product selection, but he is also facing increased competition. Bob is concerned his product costing system is no longer providing accurate information. Bob considers using activity based costing to allocate overheads.
Activity-Based Costing & Management- Intro to Managerial Accounting- Professor Tatianna Gershberg
 
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Introduction to Managerial Accounting Professor Tatianna Gershberg Lecture: Activity-Based Costing and Activity-Based Management Class Overview and Learning Objectives: 1:25 Objective 1 Develop activity-based costs (ABC): 2:29 Activity-Based Costing: 2:42 Overview of Traditional and ABC Systems: 6:20 Developing an Activity-Based Costing System: 13:00 ABC System: 18:58 ABC System Results: 22:25 S18-3: Computing Indirect Manufacturing Costs Per Unit: 26:09 Objective 2 Use activity-based management (ABM) to achieve target costs: 37:30 Activity-Based Management: 37:49 Cost Comparison - ABC vs. Traditional Allocation: 39:03 Value Engineering: 42:12 Target Pricing Versus Cost-Based Pricing: 44:55 Full-Product Costs: 52:43 Full-Product Cost Comparison: 54:07 Recomputing Activity Costs After a Value Engineering Study: 56:07 ABC Manufacturing Overhead Costs After Value Engineering Study: 58:03 S18-5: Using ABC to Compute Product Costs Per Unit: 1:01:23 This class, we talk about activity based costing and its importance for accounting. The basic idea of this is that out costing will be based on certain activities within the processes. What is the benefit of this? ABC costing allows us to define the way indirect costs are allocated to the production. Many large companies chose to use this type of costing system. As usual, many different types of examples are used in this class to help students understand the calculations, which also allow viewers to take part in the class. Activity-based costing is the more accurate method to attach costs to products. It refines the way indirect costs are allocated to production and focuses on costs incurred by each production activity. Activity costs become the building blocks for allocating costs to products and services. Each activity has its own cost driver. Activity-based costing divides production processes into activities and assigns costs to products based on how much the product uses those activities. Cost drivers are activities that drive the cost to being accumulated. For example, the number of pounds of a delivery drive the shipping costs. Note that each activity uses a different allocation rate. Activity based management uses ABC to make decisions. It aims to increase profits while simultaneously meeting customer needs. The types of decisions made under ABM include cutting costs and how to price products and product mix. This provides a more accurate cost of products and determines the profitability of products. Value engineering involves reevaluating activities to reduce costs. It requires cross-functional teams. Under cost-based pricing, the sales price is determined by adding up full cost and desired profit. Under the target based approach, the target price less the desired profit equals the target cost. Full-product costs consider all production costs (direct materials, direct labor, and allocated manufacturing overhead) as well as nonmanufacturing costs / operating expenses (administrative and selling expenses) to determine the target costs and target profits. Class Overview and Learning Objectives: 1:25 Objective 1 Develop activity-based costs (ABC): 2:29 Activity-Based Costing: 2:42 Overview of Traditional and ABC Systems: 6:20 Developing an Activity-Based Costing System: 13:00 ABC System: 18:58 ABC System Results: 22:25 S18-3: Computing Indirect Manufacturing Costs Per Unit: 26:09 Objective 2 Use activity-based management (ABM) to achieve target costs: 37:30 Activity-Based Management: 37:49 Cost Comparison - ABC vs. Traditional Allocation: 39:03 Value Engineering: 42:12 Target Pricing Versus Cost-Based Pricing: 44:55 Full-Product Costs: 52:43 Full-Product Cost Comparison: 54:07 Recomputing Activity Costs After a Value Engineering Study: 56:07 ABC Manufacturing Overhead Costs After Value Engineering Study: 58:03 S18-5: Using ABC to Compute Product Costs Per Unit: 1:01:23 To receive additional updates regarding our library please subscribe to our mailing list using the following link: http://rbx.business.rutgers.edu/subscribe.html
Views: 12716 Rutgers Accounting Web
Variable and Absorption Costing - Lesson 1
 
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In 4.06 Variable and Absorption Costing – Lesson 1, Roger Philipp, CPA, CGAM, gives a high-energy conceptual whiteboard demonstration on the two most commonly-used types of income statements for manufacturing companies. After just five minutes you'll have a better understanding of the differences between absorption costing (GAAP) and variable costing (non-GAAP, internal use) income statements. One first subtracts product costs from revenue, then subtracts period costs from this gross margin to arrive at pretax operating income. The other subtracts variable costs from revenue, then subtracts fixed costs from this contribution margin to arrive at pretax operating income. Roger warns that the operating income amounts will never be the same due to the different methods’ treatment of fixed Cost of Goods Sold and fixed manufacturing costs. Roger also explains why contribution margin is called contribution margin while looking ahead to breakeven analysis, which is covered later in BEC. In this particular lesson, Roger sets the stage for Lesson 2, where the differences between variable and absorption costing will be shown through specific examples. Connect with us: Website: https://www.rogercpareview.com Blog: https://www.rogercpareview.com/blog Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RogerCPAReview Twitter: https://twitter.com/rogercpareview LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/roger-cpa-review Are you accounting faculty looking for FREE CPA Exam resources in the classroom? Visit our Professor Resource Center: https://www.rogercpareview.com/professor-resource-center/ Video Transcript Sneak Peek: Okay now let's talk about variable verse absorption costing. Now these are two different basic ways of presenting an income statement for a manufacturing company. Looking at this we're gonna have absorption costing which absorbs certain costs. This is what GAP says. This is for external reporting purposes. This is product versus period costs versus direct variable prime contribution margin income statement. This is sales minus variable equals contribution margin minus fixed equals your pretax operative income. This one separates variable from fixed costs.
Views: 62280 Roger CPA Review
Direct Material, Direct Labor & Overhead, Product and Period Cost | Managerial Accounting | CMA Exam
 
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Direct cost, indirect cost, common cost, manufacturing overhead cost, indirect material, indirect labor, selling cost, administrative cost, product cost, period costs, prime cost, conversion cost, variable cost, fixed cost, committed fixed cost, discretionary fixed cost, relevant range, mixed cost, engineering approach, scatter-graph, high-low method,
Absorption Costing And Variable Costing | Accounting | Chegg Tutors
 
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Absorption costing, which is required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), includes all variable and fixed production costs in the calculation of product cost. Variable costing, which is used to supplement managerial decision making, includes only variable production costs. Long term, a business must recover its fixed production costs. However, including these costs in product cost analysis can lead to incorrect conclusions. For example, a product might have variable costs of $4 and fixed costs of $1. If the producer is approached to sell additional units at a discount price of $4.50, and there will be no increase in fixed costs, it may make sense to do so. If the producer accepts this offer, overall profit will increase by $0.50 for each additional unit sold. -------- Accounting tutoring on Chegg Tutors Learn about Accounting terms like Absorption Costing And Variable Costing on Chegg Tutors. Work with live, online Accounting tutors like Nathan G. who can help you at any moment, whether at 2pm or 2am. Liked the video tutorial? Schedule lessons on-demand or schedule weekly tutoring in advance with tutors like Nathan G. Visit: https://www.chegg.com/tutors/Accounting-online-tutoring/?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_content=managed&utm_campaign=videotutorials ---------- About Nathan G., Finance tutor on Chegg Tutors: Texas State, Class of 2010 Finance/Accounting major Subjects tutored: Accounting TEACHING EXPERIENCE: Educated from Texas State University, I received my BBA Accounting in 2010. During college, I would often study with classmates. I noticed how much I enjoyed helping them with Accounting. I then knew I had a skill underutilized. My passion for tutoring fuels my desire to see you succeed. With over 7 years of instructional experience, I will provide the tools to help you master Accounting. Check out my YouTube Channel to learn more about EXTRACURRICULAR INTERESTS I am a man of many tastes. I really enjoy technology, racquetball, basketball, real estate investing practices, web development, and comedy! I love diversifying my interests so I never get bored lol. Hope to hear from you soon! We'll setup a plan to help you succeed in Accounting. Want to book a private lesson with Nathan G.? Message Nathan G. at https://www.chegg.com/tutors/online-tutors/Nathan-G-862370/?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_content=managed&utm_campaign=videotutorials ---------- Like what you see? Subscribe to Chegg's Youtube Channel: http://bit.ly/1PwMn3k ---------- Visit Chegg.com for purchasing or renting textbooks, getting homework help, finding an online tutor, applying for scholarships and internships, discovering colleges, and more! Learn more at https://www.chegg.com/ FB: https://www.facebcook.com/chegg Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/chegg Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/chegg
Views: 43676 Chegg
Traditional Cost & Activity Costing System
 
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Under traditional method indirect cost are distributed on end product on the assumption that products consume resources in proportion to production volumes. Activity based costing calculate the cost of individual activities and assign cost to cost object such as product and service on the basis of activities undertaken to produce each product or service.
Views: 16854 edu wala
Stock accounting and product costing in Odoo inventory
 
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For more information, please refer to https://www.odoo.com/page/warehouse To schedule a demo, please refer to https://www.odoo.com/r/demo-dalagon
Views: 3500 Odoo
Absorption Costing vs. Variable Costing
 
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This video explains the difference between Absorption Cost and Variable Costing in the context of managerial accounting. The key functional difference between these two methods is the way in which fixed overhead is classified, and the video provides an example to illustrate how this difference leads to substantial discrepancies in the calculation of product costs, cost of goods sold, and profitability. The video then summarizes the benefits and drawbacks of Absorption Costing and Variable Costing. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like us on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin
Views: 141745 Edspira
Example: Process Costing | Managerial Accounting | CMA Exam | Ch 4 P 2
 
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Process costing is used when there is mass production of similar products, where the costs associated with individual units of output cannot be differentiated from each other. In other words, the cost of each product produced is assumed to be the same as the cost of every other product. Under this concept, costs are accumulated over a fixed period of time, summarized, and then allocated to all of the units produced during that period of time on a consistent basis. When products are instead being manufactured on an individual basis, job costing is used to accumulate costs and assign the costs to products. When a production process contains some mass manufacturing and some customized elements, then a hybrid costing system is used. Examples of the industries where this type of production occurs include oil refining, food production, and chemical processing. For example, how would you determine the precise cost required to create one gallon of aviation fuel, when thousands of gallons of the same fuel are gushing out of a refinery every hour? The cost accounting methodology used for this scenario is process costing. Process costing is the only reasonable approach to determining product costs in many industries. It uses most of the same journal entries found in a job costing environment, so there is no need to restructure the chart of accounts to any significant degree. This makes it easy to switch over to a job costing system from a process costing one if the need arises, or to adopt a hybrid approach that uses portions of both systems. Example of Process Cost Accounting As a process costing example, ABC International produces purple widgets, which require processing through multiple production departments. The first department in the process is the casting department, where the widgets are initially created. During the month of March, the casting department incurs $50,000 of direct material costs and $120,000 of conversion costs (comprised of direct labor and factory overhead). The department processes 10,000 widgets during March, so this means that the per unit cost of the widgets passing through the casting department during that time period is $5.00 for direct materials and $12.00 for conversion costs. The widgets then move to the trimming department for further work, and these per-unit costs will be carried along with the widgets into that department, where additional costs will be added. Types of Process Costing There are three types of process costing, which are: Weighted average costs. This version assumes that all costs, whether from a preceding period or the current one, are lumped together and assigned to produced units. It is the simplest version to calculate. Standard costs. This version is based on standard costs. Its calculation is similar to weighted average costing, but standard costs are assigned to production units, rather than actual costs; after total costs are accumulated based on standard costs, these totals are compared to actual accumulated costs, and the difference is charged to a variance account. First-in first-out costing (FIFO). FIFO is a more complex calculation that creates layers of costs, one for any units of production that were started in the previous production period but not completed, and another layer for any production that is started in the current period. There is no last in, first out (LIFO) costing method used in process costing, since the underlying assumption of process costing is that the first unit produced is, in fact, the first unit used, which is the FIFO concept. Why have three different cost calculation methods for process costing, and why use one version instead of another? The different calculations are required for different cost accounting needs. The weighted average method is used in situations where there is no standard costing system, or where the fluctuations in costs from period to period are so slight that the management team has no need for the slight improvement in costing accuracy that can be obtained with the FIFO costing method. Alternatively, process costing that is based on standard costs is required for costing systems that use standard costs. It is also useful in situations where companies manufacture such a broad mix of products that they have difficulty accurately assigning actual costs to each type of product; under the other process costing methodologies, which both use actual costs, there is a strong chance that costs for different products will become mixed together. Process costing, equivalent units of production, FiFO method, weighted average, conversion cost flow of costs, cost accounted for, cpa exam, managerial accounting, raw materials, job order costing, work in process, processing departments, transferred-in cost, transferred out cost
Job Order Costing Explained | Managerial Accounting | CMA Exam | Ch 3 P 1
 
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Under absorption costing, product costs include all manufacturing costs. Some manufacturing costs, such as direct materials, can be directly traced to particular products. For example, the cost of the airbags installed in a Toyota Camry can be easily traced to that particular auto. But what about manufacturing costs like factory rent? Such costs do not change from month to month, whereas the number and variety of products made in the factory may vary dramatically from one month to the next. Because these costs remain unchanged from month to month regardless of what products are made, they are clearly not caused by—and cannot be directly traced to—any particular product. Therefore, these types of costs are assigned to products and services by averaging across time and across products. The type of production process influences how this averaging is done. Job-order costing is used in situations where many different products, each with individual and unique features, are produced each period. For example, a Levi Strauss clothing factory would typically make many different types of jeans for both men and women during a month. This is a custom product that is being made for the first time, but if this were one of the company’s standard products, it would have an established bill of materials. A bill of materials is a document that lists the type and quantity of each type of direct material needed to complete a unit of product. The materials requisition form is a document that specifies the type and quantity of materials to be drawn from the storeroom and identifies the job that will be charged for the cost of the materials. The form is used to control the flow of materials into production and also for making entries in the accounting records. A job cost sheet records the materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead costs charged to that job. Measuring Direct Labor Cost Direct labor consists of labor charges that can be easily traced to a particular job. Labor charges that cannot be easily traced directly to any job are treated as part of manufacturing overhead. As discussed in a previous chapter, this latter category of labor costs is called indirect labor and includes tasks such as maintenance, supervision, and cleanup. Today many companies rely on computerized systems (rather than paper and pencil) to maintain employee time tickets. A completed time ticket is an hour-by-hour summary of the employee’s activities throughout the day. One computerized approach to creating time tickets uses bar codes to capture data. Computing Predetermined Overhead Rates. There are three reasons for this: Manufacturing overhead is an indirect cost. This means that it is either impossible or difficult to trace these costs to a particular product or job. Manufacturing overhead consists of many different types of cost ranging from the grease used in machines to the annual salary of the production manager. Some of these costs are variable overhead costs because they vary in direct proportion to changes in the level of production (e.g., indirect materials, supplies, and power) and some are fixed overhead costs because they remain constant as the level of production fluctuates (e.g., heat and light, property taxes, and insurance).Page 123 Because of the fixed costs in manufacturing overhead, total manufacturing overhead costs tend to remain relatively constant from one period to the next even though the number of units produced can fluctuate widely. Consequently, the average cost per unit will vary from one period to the next. An allocation base is a measure such as direct labor-hours (DLH) or machine-hours (MH) that is used to assign overhead costs to products and services. The most widely used allocation bases in manufacturing are direct labor-hours, direct labor cost, machine-hours and (where a company has only a single product) units of product. Job order costing, Direct cost, indirect cost, common cost, manufacturing overhead cost, indirect material, job cost sheet, job number, subsidiary ledger, material requisition form, bill of materials, time ticket, allocation base predetermined overhead rate, cost driver, fixed overhead, variable overhead Raw materials, work in process, finished goods, cost of goods manufactured, manufactured overhead cost Cost of goods manufactured Underapplied, overapplied
Activity Based Costing
 
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Cost of a product is the sum of the costs of all activities required to manufacture and deliver the product. Products do not consume costs directly Money is spent on activities Activities are consumed by product/services Activities Unit level: Performed each time a unit is produced Batch level: Performed each time a batch is produced Product level: Performed to support different type of product Customer Level: Performed to support customer servicing Facility level: Residuary head
Views: 2761 DVRamanaXIMB
2019 Webinar: Product Costing in SAP S/4HANA
 
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Watch this 2019 webinar with Janet Salmon on Product Costing in S/4HANA! Janet regularly speaks at the SAP Controlling conference in San Diego. Learn more about the event here: controlling.erpcorp.com
Views: 291 SAPERPCorp
Absorption Costing Example
 
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This video provides an example of how to calculate a company's operating profit or loss when Absorption Costing is used in Managerial Accounting. To calculate operating profit or less with Absorption Costing, you subtract operating expenses from operating revenues. Fixed manufacturing overhead is treated as a product cost, which means that changes in inventory could affect the company's operating profit or loss. For example, if the company produces more units than it sells in a period, some of the fixed manufacturing overhead will be deferred to a future period instead of being expensed in the current period. This is a key distinction from Variable Costing; under Variable Costing, all fixed manufacturing overhead costs are treated as period costs and are expensed immediately. Edspira is your source for business and financial education. To view the entire video library for free, visit http://www.Edspira.com To like Edspira on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Edspira To sign up for the newsletter, visit http://Edspira.com/register-for-newsletter Edspira is the creation of Michael McLaughlin, who went from teenage homelessness to a PhD. The goal of Michael's life is to increase access to education so all people can achieve their dreams. To learn more about Michael's story, visit http://www.MichaelMcLaughlin.com To follow Michael on Twitter, visit https://twitter.com/Prof_McLaughlin To follow Michael on Facebook, visit https://www.facebook.com/Prof.Michael.McLaughlin
Views: 7463 Edspira
Joint Product Average unit cost method, Physical units method | Joint Product and By Product
 
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Joint Product Average unit cost method, Physical units method | Joint Product and By Product | Cost Accounting | Mathur Sir Classes #Averageunitcostmethod #Physicalunitsmethod #CostAccounting #JointProductandByProduct #ByProduct #JointProduct If you like this video and wish to support this EDUCATION channel, please contribute via, * Paytm a/c : 9830489610 * Paypal a/c : www.paypal.me/mathursirclasses [Every contribution is helpful] Thanks & All the Best Please SUBSCRIBE for more videos. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqRMmSk8v8MoMhMuw3EUSjQ?sub_confirmation=1 Follow me on: https://www.facebook.com/rajesh.mathur30 WhatsApp - 9830489610 (For Video Recording, Video Editing and other digital services contact 09051378712) Introduction to Joint Product and By Product,joint product and by product costing,joint product and by product costing ipcc,joint product and byproduct,Joint Product and By Product,joint product and by product costing ca inter,joint product and by product costing in hindi,joint product by product,joint product and by product costing cma inter,joint product and by product costing bcom,joint product and byproduct in hindi,meaning of joint product and byproduct in hindi,meaning of joint product and byproduct
Views: 308 Mathur Sir Classes
Absorption Costing - Costs and Costing Techniques - Learn Accounting Online
 
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COSTS AND COSTING TECHINQUES The different elements of costs are materials, labour and expenses. The elements of costs can broadly be put into two categories. 1. Fixed costs 2. Variable costs Fixed cost are those which do not vary, but remain constant within a given period of time, inspite of fluctuations in production. The examples of fixed costs are rent, insurance charges, management salaries, etc. On the other hand, variable costs are those which vary in direct proportion to any change in the volume of output. The costs of direct material, direct wages etc, can be put into this category. The cost of a product can be ascertained by any of the following two costing techniques: 1. Absorption costing Technique 2. Marginal Costing Techigue Absorbtion costing technique is also termed as ''TRADITIONAL or FULL COST METHOD''. According to this method, the cost of a product is determined after considering both fixed and variable costs. The variable costs, such as those of direct materials, direct labour, etc. are directly charged to the products, while the fixed costs are approportioned on a suitable basis over different products, manufactured during a period. Thus, in the case of absorption costing, all costs are identified with the manufactured products. Advantages of absorption costing: It recognizes the importance of fixed costs in production. This method is accepted by Inland revenue, as stock is not undervalued. This method is always used to prepare financial accounts. When production remains constant, but sales fluctuate absorption costing will show less fluctuation in net profit. Unlike marginal costing, where fixed costs are agreed to change into variable cost, it is cost into the stock value, hence distorting stock valuation. Disadvantages of absorption costing: It assumes that prices are simply a function of costs. It does not take the account of demand. It includes past costs which may not be relevant to the pricing decision at hand. It does not provide information which aids decision-making in a rapidly changing market environment.As the manager's emphasis is on total cost, the cost-volume-profit relationship is ignored. The manager needs to use his intuition to make the decision.
Views: 73396 Alternate Learning