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Your future tech may rely on deep-sea mining
 
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As the demand grows for the metals that power electronics, we may have to look farther and farther for mining opportunities. The next big mining frontier is the deep sea: along the seafloor, mysterious vents shoot scalding hot fluid into the ocean. These vents are a haven for miraculous and unique sea life, but they’re also home to highly concentrated (and very valuable) metals. What happens if we decide that the metals are worth more than the life? Thank you to Ocean Exploration Trust for allowing us to use clips from their deep sea footage. You can follow their next expedition season here: www.nautiluslive.org Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2FqJZMl Like Verge Science on Facebook: http://bit.ly/2hoSukO Follow on Twitter: http://bit.ly/2Kr29B9 Follow on Instagram: https://goo.gl/7ZeLvX Read More: http://www.theverge.com Community guidelines: http://bit.ly/2D0hlAv Subscribe to Verge on YouTube for explainers, product reviews, technology news, and more: http://goo.gl/G5RXGs
Views: 266409 Verge Science
TechKnow - Deep sea gold rush
 
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Oceans cover 70 percent of the earth's surface, but only a fraction of the undersea world has been explored. On this episode of TechKnow, Phil Torres joins a team of scientists on a special expedition to explore and uncover the mysteries at the bottom of the ocean floor. "What we are doing is similar to astronauts and planetary scientists just trying to study life on another planet," says Beth Orcutt, a senior research scientist. The journey begins in Costa Rica aboard the R/V Atlantis, a research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. From there, Phil gets the chance to take a dive with Alvin, a deep-water submersible capable of taking explorers down to 6,000 metres (20,000 feet) under the sea. Commissioned in 1964, Alvin has a celebrated history, locating an unexploded hydrogen bomb off the coast of Spain and exploring the famous RMS Titanic in the 1980s. Alvin and its first female pilot, Cindy Van Dover, were the first to discover hydrothermal vents, which are underwater springs where plumes of black smoke and water pour out from underneath the earth's crust. The vents were inhabited by previously unknown organisms that thrived in the absence of sunlight. After 40 years of exploration, Alvin got a high-tech upgrade. The storied submersible is now outfitted with high-resolution cameras to provide a 245-degree viewing field and a robotic arm that scientists can use to pull samples of rock and ocean life to then study back on land. But scientists are not the only ones interested in the ocean. These days the new gold rush is not in the hills, it is in the deep sea. For thousands of years miners have been exploiting the earth in search of precious metals. As resources on dry land are depleted, now the search for new sources of metals and minerals is heading underwater. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's national ocean service estimates that there is more than $150tn in gold waiting to be mined from the floor of the world's oceans. "The industry is moving very, very fast. They have far more financial resources than the scientific community," says Cindy Van Dover, Alvin's first female pilot and Duke University Oceanography Professor. Seabed mining is still in the planning stages, but Nautilus Minerals, a Canadian mining company, says it has the technology and the contracts in place with the island nation of Papua New Guinea to start mining in its waters in about two years. What is the future of seabed mining? And what are the consequences of seabed mining for the marine ecosystems? Can science and industry co-exist and work together on viable and sustainable solutions? - Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check out our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 80442 Al Jazeera English
Deep-sea mining could transform the globe
 
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Gold alone found on the sea floor is estimated to be worth $150 trn. But the cost to the planet of extracting it could be severe. Check out Economist Films: http://films.economist.com/ Check out The Economist’s full video catalogue: http://econ.st/20IehQk Like The Economist on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist/ Follow The Economist on Twitter: https://twitter.com/theeconomist Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theeconomist/ Follow us on LINE: http://econ.st/1WXkOo6 Follow us on Medium: https://medium.com/@the_economist
Views: 65431 The Economist
Deep Sea Mining: Searching for the Next Mineral Boom
 
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Deep down, way deep down, there's something stirring - something very, very valuable. It's a race to the bottom - to the bottom of the oceans. It is Deep Sea Mining. As deep as 5000 metres, maybe more, lie a host of materials critical for modern society, from smartphones to electric cars to green energy. But how can be it be mined without ruining another beautiful, so-far untouched - yet valuable part of our planet? Joining us on skype from Kingston, Jamaica Michael Lodge, Secretary-General at the International Seabed Authority; from Washington DC, Conn Nugent, Project Director of Seabed Mining Project at the Pew Charitable Trusts; Regan Drennan, Research Assistant at UK Seabed Resource who studies the biodiversity of the ocean floor; Charlotte Middlehurst, a Contributing Editor at China Dialogue, focusing on China's growing interest in deep sea mining. Roundtable is a discussion programme with an edge. Broadcast out of London and presented by David Foster, it's about bringing people to the table, listening to every opinion, and analysing every point of view. From fierce debate to reflective thinking, Roundtable discussions offer a different perspective on the issues that matter to you. Watch it every weekday at 15:30 GMT on TRT World. #mining #seabed #biodiversity Subscribe: http://trt.world/Roundtable Livestream: http://trt.world/ytlive Facebook: http://trt.world/facebook Twitter: http://trt.world/twitter Instagram: http://trt.world/instagram Visit our website: http://trt.world
Views: 1577 Roundtable
Seabed Mining in the Deep Sea
 
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(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) 0:16 - Main Presentation - Lisa Levin 28:24 - Audience Discussion Given the growing demand for deep sea metals created by electronic and green technologies, scientists are faced with decisions about whether to engage in baseline and impacts research that enables development of a new extraction industry, and whether to contribute expertise to the development of environmental protections and guidelines. Lisa A. Levin, distinguished professor of biological oceanography at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, addresses the ethical and societal challenges of exploitation in a relatively unknown realm. Series: "Exploring Ethics" [6/2018] [Show ID: 32160]
How a Canadian company will mine the sea bed near Papua New Guinea
 
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Canadian mining company Nautilus Minerals has reached an agreement with the government of Papua New Guinea to begin mining an area of seabed believed to be rich in gold and copper ores, according to the BBC. Under the terms of the agreement, Papua New Guinea will contribute $120 million to the operation and receive a 15 percent share in the mine. Environmentalists say the mine will devastate the area and cause long-lasting damage to the environment. The BBC reports that "the mine will target an area of hydrothermal vents where superheated, highly acidic water emerges from the seabed, where it encounters far colder and more alkaline seawater, forcing it to deposit high concentrations of minerals." The report continues: The result is that the seabed is formed of ores that are far richer in gold and copper than ores found on land. Mike Johnston, chief executive of Nautilus Minerals told the BBC "that a temperature probe left in place for 18 months was found to have 'high grade copper all over it'." Nautilus announced in April that it had completed its bulk cutter, the first component of its Seafloor Production Tools system, which will be used to mine the seabed. Nautilus also approximately 500,000 square kilometres of "highly prospective exploration acreage" in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and Tonga, as well as in international waters in the eastern Pacific, the company said in a press release. ----------------------------------------­­---------------------------------------­-­---------------- Next Animation Studio’s News Direct service provides daily, high-quality, informative 3D news animations that fill in for missing footage and help viewers understand breaking news stories or in-depth features on science, technology, and health. Sign up for a free trial of News Direct's news animations at http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com/trial/ To subscribe to News Direct or for more info, please visit: http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com
Views: 35083 News Direct
Overview on Deep Water Drilling
 
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Animation of deepwater drilling
Views: 1453565 edpoperators
The deep ocean is the final frontier on planet Earth | The Economist
 
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Watch the latest in the Ocean series - Secrets of the deep: https://youtu.be/Zwgtn41TpfU The ocean covers 70% of our planet. The deep-sea floor is a realm that is largely unexplored, but cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to go deeper than ever before. Click here to subscribe to The Economist on YouTube: http://econ.trib.al/rWl91R7 Beneath the waves is a mysterious world that takes up to 95% of Earth's living space. Only three people have ever reached the bottom of the deepest part of the ocean. The deep is a world without sunlight, of freezing temperatures, and immense pressure. It's remained largely unexplored until now. Cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to explore deeper than ever before. They are opening up a whole new world of potential benefits to humanity. The risks are great, but the rewards could be greater. From a vast wealth of resources to clues about the origins of life, the race is on to the final frontier The Okeanos Explorer, the American government state-of-the-art vessel, designed for every type of deep ocean exploration from discovering new species to investigating shipwrecks. On board, engineers and scientists come together to answer questions about the origins of life and human history. Today the Okeanos is on a mission to investigate the wreck of a World War one submarine. Engineer Bobby Moore is part of a team who has developed the technology for this type of mission. The “deep discover”, a remote operating vehicle is equipped with 20 powerful LED lights and designed to withstand the huge pressure four miles down. Equivalent to 50 jumbo jets stacked on top of a person While the crew of the Okeanos send robots to investigate the deep, some of their fellow scientists prefer a more hands-on approach. Doctor Greg stone is a world leading marine biologist with over 8,000 hours under the sea. He has been exploring the abyss in person for 30 years. The technology opening up the deep is also opening up opportunity. Not just to witness the diversity of life but to glimpse vast amounts of rare mineral resources. Some of the world's most valuable metals can be found deep under the waves. A discovery that has begun to pique the interest of the global mining industry. The boldest of mining companies are heading to the deep drawn by the allure of a new Gold Rush. But to exploit it they're also beating a path to another strange new world. In an industrial estate in the north of England, SMD is one of the world's leading manufacturers of remote underwater equipment. The industrial technology the company has developed has made mining possible several kilometers beneath the ocean surface. With an estimated 150 trillion dollars’ worth of gold alone, deep-sea mining has the potential to transform the global economy. With so much still to discover, mining in the deep ocean could have unknowable impact. It's not just life today that may need protecting; reaching the deep ocean might just allow researchers to answer some truly fundamental questions. Hydrothermal vents, hot springs on the ocean floor, are cracks in the Earth's crust. Some claim they could help scientists glimpse the origins of life itself. We might still be years away from unlocking the mysteries of the deep. Even with the latest technology, this kind of exploration is always challenging. As the crew of the Okeanos comes to terms with a scale of the challenge and the opportunity that lies beneath, what they and others discover could transform humanity's understanding of how to protect the ocean. It's the most hostile environment on earth, but the keys to our future may lie in the deep. Check out Economist Films: http://films.economist.com/ Check out The Economist’s full video catalogue: http://econ.st/20IehQk Like The Economist on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist/ Follow The Economist on Twitter: https://twitter.com/theeconomist Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theeconomist/ Follow us on LINE: http://econ.st/1WXkOo6 Follow us on Medium: https://medium.com/@the_economist
Views: 3412241 The Economist
Advanced subsea diamnond mining vessel goes to work
 
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Designed by Marin Teknikk and built by Kleven Verft, Norway, the US$157 million vessel will enable Debmarine Namibia, a 50/50 joint venture between the Government of the Republic of Namibia and De Beers Group, to explore diamond deposits and secure diamond supply in the country well into the future
Views: 9381 marinelogcom
UNDERWATER GOLD DREDGING IN HD LIVE NUGGET FINDS! 7-1 2015 Dredging Season
 
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GoPro footage of what it is like to dredge in fairly easy conditions; shallow (2-4 ft.) material, shallow water, and moderate current. When I move further out into the river the current will be much more powerful making everything more difficult.
Views: 751768 The Handegard
NOS uitzending over deep-sea mining
 
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Koper, ijzer, goud - deze grondstoffen worden steeds duurder en schaars. Dat is waarom bedrijven zoals IHC Merwede op zoek zijn naar manieren om deze grondstoffen te winnen. De komende jaren wordt gestreefd naar het veroveren van de zeebodem met de inzet van robots.
Views: 1706 Royal IHC
Deep-sea mining: vital resource or environmental disaster?
 
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Watch more here: https://rethink.ft.com/ Surging demand for the metals used in electric car batteries is setting off a race to mine the deep seas. As the FT’s Henry Sanderson explains, the sea floor could contain more nickel, cobalt and rare earth metals than all land-based reserves combined. Miners say it may diversify supply, but environmentalists fear mining will do irreparable damage.
Views: 16461 FT Rethink
Chinese Deep-sea Mining Vehicle Sees Successful Trial
 
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Diving to depths few men have gone before, Chinese researchers on the Hai Yang Liu Hao expedition conducted a successful trial of a mining vehicle at depths of about 2,500 meters, before returning to Guangzhou on Thursday. More on: http://www.cctvplus.com/news/20190516/8110894.shtml#!language=1 Welcome to subscribe us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NewsContent.CCTVPLUS Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTV_Plus LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/cctv-news-content Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cctvnewscontent/ Video on Demand: www.cctvplus.com If you are in demand of this video footage, please contact with our business development team via email: [email protected]
Scientists fear deep-sea mining
 
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Scientists fear that even before one of the last frontiers of exploration, the ocean deep, has been properly studied it will already have been exploited by commercial deep-sea mining looking for rare euronews knowledge brings you a fresh mix of the world's most interesting know-hows, directly from space and sci-tech experts. Subscribe for your dose of space and sci-tech: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronewsknowledge Made by euronews, the most watched news channel in Europe.
Views: 8014 euronews Knowledge
ENS351 Deep Sea Mining
 
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Description
Views: 8036 brooke Frohloff
Mining at the Bottom of the Bering Sea During an Arctic Winter | Gold Divers
 
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With The summer season over, 3 teams of miners dive under the ice to dredge gold on the floor of the Bering Sea. Subscribe to Discovery TV for more great clips: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=DiscoveryTV Follow Discovery on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/DiscoveryUK
Views: 394306 Discovery UK
Ocean Minerals & Deep Sea Mining
 
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Deep Sea Mining opens up a number of opportunities for countries to get their hands on rare and useful ocean minerals. But is Deep Sea Mining safe, or will it cause more harm to the ocean floors? Watch to find out.. 1:38-1:46 Source :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1koFEKfmLw Music Credits : - Under Water - Silent Partner https://youtu.be/H3m94UQ6rcg - You by myuu https://soundcloud.com/myuu Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music provided by Music for Creators https://youtu.be/DR9s88XLBf0
Views: 3954 GnY TV
Sea mining could destroy underwater Lost City
 
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Scientists believe life on earth may have begun in a place called ‘The Lost City’, deep beneath the mid Atlantic ocean. But now a United Nations agency has assigned this part of the seabed to Poland for mining exploration purposes. But scientists say that miners may inadvertently destroy precious species and geological structures in their quest for minerals. Sky’s Economics Editor Ed Conway reports. SUBSCRIBE to our YouTube channel for more videos: http://www.youtube.com/skynews Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/skynews and https://twitter.com/skynewsbreak Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/skynews For more content go to http://news.sky.com and download our apps: iPad https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/Sky-N... iPhone https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/sky-n... Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/de...
Views: 34371 Sky News
Nautilus Animated Industrial.mp4
 
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Nautilus Animated Industrial that shows a sterilized version of the Deep Sea mining process.
Views: 27188 Arnie
Seabed Mining In The Deep – What Is There? Is It Profitable? Is It Time To Join The Gold Rush?
 
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Does seabed mining make economic sense? What are the environmental and commercial risks if this goes ahead? Who will lose money on seabed mining? Why do you think this matters to coastal investors and ocean lovers? Carl Gustaf Lundin, Principal Marine and Polar Scientist, IUCN. You can view this video and the full video archive on the Dukascopy TV page: http://www.dukascopy.com/tv/en/#262499 Смотрите Dukascopy TV на вашем языке: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvrussian 用您的语言观看杜高斯贝电视: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvchinese Miren Dukascopy TV en su idioma: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvspanish Schauen Sie Dukascopy TV in Ihrer Sprache: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvgerman Regardez la Dukascopy TV dans votre langue: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvfrench Veja a TV Dukascopy na sua língua: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvpt
Views: 184 Dukascopy TV (EN)
Exploring Our Sea Floor Production Equipment and How It Will Work
 
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Join us as we highlight our sea floor production vessels and show and describe how our first location, Solwara1, will work. This video is full of information and explores in's and out's of how all of our equipment will work together to mine the sea floor.
Views: 4169 Nautilus Minerals
What is Deep Sea Mining? A web series. Episode 1: Tools for Ocean Literacy
 
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Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: http://inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg What is Deep Sea Mining? is a five episode webseries dedicated to the topic of deep sea mining, a new frontier of resource extraction at the bottom of the ocean, set to begin in the next few years. Deep sea mining will occur mainly in areas rich in polymetallic nodules, in seamounts, and in hydrothermal vents. Mining companies are already leasing areas in national and international waters in order to extract minerals and metals such as manganese, cobalt, gold, copper, iron, and other rare earth elements from the seabed. Main sites targeted for future exploration are the mid-atlantic ridge and the Clarion Clipperton Zone (Pacific ocean) in international waters, as well as the islands of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Japan, and the Portuguese Azores archipelago. Yet, potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems are yet to be assessed by the scientific community, and local communities are not being consulted. The prospects of this new, experimental form of mining are re-actualizing a colonial, frontier mentality and redefining extractivist economies for the twenty-first century. This webseries addresses different issues related to this process, from resource politics to ocean governance by international bodies, prompting today’s shift towards a "blue economy" but also efforts to defend sustained ocean literacy when the deep ocean, its species, and resources remain largely unmapped and unstudied. Episode 1: Tools for Ocean Literacy is a cartographical survey of technologies that have contributed to ocean literacy and seabed mapping. Structured around a single shot along a vertical axis, the episode inquires about deep sea mining and the types of geologic formations where it is set to occur, particularly hydrothermal vents. Understanding the process of deep sea mining demands not only a temporal investigation – its main dates, legal, and corporate landmarks, and scientific breakthroughs – but also a spatial axis connecting the seafloor to outer space cartographic technologies. After all, we know less about the ocean depths than about the universe beyond this blue planet. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. It was commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy and premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. For more information and links to NGOs, advocacy, and activist groups involved in deep sea mining visit: http://www.deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/the-last-frontier/ http://www.savethehighseas.org/deep-sea-mining/ http://deepseaminingwatch.msi.ucsb.edu/#!/intro?view=-15|-160|2||1020|335 http://oceanolivre.org/ https://www.facebook.com/Alliance-of-Solwara-Warriors-234267050262483/ Acknowledgements: Ann Dom, Armin Linke, Birgit Schneider, Duncan Currie, Katherine Sammler, Lisa Rave, Lucielle Paru, Matt Gianni, Natalie Lowrey, Payal Sampat, Phil Weaver, Stefan Helmreich, and everyone who helped this webseries. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos. Premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. Commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy. www.tba21academy.org http://www.tba21.org/#tag--Academy--282
Views: 3136 Inhabitants
Race to the bottom? India plans deep dive for seabed minerals
 
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In the 1870 Jules Verne classic "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea", underwater explorer Captain Nemo predicted the mining of the ocean floor's mineral bounty - zinc, iron, silver and gold. India is catching up with that only now, as it prepares to unearth treasures down below, aiming to boost its economy. The floor of the world's seas is scattered with vast beds of black potato-shaped polymetallic nodules comprising copper, nickel, cobalt, manganese, iron and rare earth elements. These natural goodies are key to making modern gadgets, from smartphones and laptops to pacemakers, hybrid cars and solar panels. As expanding technology and infrastructure fuel global demand for these resources - whose supply is dwindling fast onshore - more and more countries, including manufacturing powerhouses India and China, are eyeing the ocean. Read full story: http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=422fdb8b-c6d4-4620-a6d7-1754aca1f9c8 ABOUT THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION The Thomson Reuters Foundation acts to promote the highest standards in journalism and spread the practice of legal pro bono worldwide. The organisation runs free services that provide individuals and organisations with vital access to information and services around the globe: free legal assistance to NGOs and social enterprises, editorial coverage of the world’s under-reported news, media development and training, and Trust Conference (http://www.trustconference.com). Read our news: http://news.trust.org/ Learn more: http://www.trust.org/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TR_Foundation or Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thomson.Reuters.Foundation/ We welcome all comments that contribute constructively to the debate. We have the right to remove any posting if, in our opinion, your post does not comply with the content standards set out in the Acceptable Use Policy on http://news.trust.org/.
Underwater endeavor
 
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¡VAMOS!, the Viable Alternative Mine Operating System project, continued its field testing phase at the flooded Magcobar mine pit in Silvermines, Ireland, in October 2018. The EU-funded underwater mining project is scheduled to finish at the end of January 2019.
The Next Frontier in Mining: Deep Sea Exploitation in the Pacific
 
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The ocean has a wealth of resources. From food, to travel, to pharmaceutical needs, and to energy, the ocean has always provided for mankind. And now, mankind is turning to the ocean for minerals and metals needed for the technology we use in our everyday lives. An exploration into the emerging industry of deep sea mining leads to more questions than answers. Read more: http://pulitzercenter.org/projects/underwater-mining-pacific-ocean
Views: 1797 Pulitzer Center
The Future of Ocean Exploration
 
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Biofluorescent sharks, deep sea mining, seafloor vents, underwater drones, and the disturbing effects of ocean acidification: exploring the future of oceanographic discovery. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Music: Timelapse (TDC Remix): MotionArray.com Drums of the Deep by Kevin MacLeod: Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1400021 Consequence: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Hydra (TDC Remix): YT Audio Library The Stranger (Glimpse): https://soundcloud.com/glimpse_official Dark Night by Matt Stewart Evans: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Featured videos: Mining: https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/video/2017/jun/28/robots-ocean-floor-deep-sea-mining-video Sonar mapping: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRQuID0IwbY Microbes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uktdKw_bJ_8 Biofluorescence: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/explorers/bios/david-gruber/ Susan Avery TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMQIgKyX3oU Triona McGrath TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJPpJhQxaLw Robert Ballard's EV Nautilus: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOIOXvU0_qk James Cameron's Deepsea Challenger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSfESqX-E84 Wired's profile on HOV's vs ROV's: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUzz_ilsFa0 Onboard the Okeanos Explorer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0G68ORc8uQ With 95% of the ocean floor unexplored, the deep sea is Earth’s last frontier. Its pioneers are scientists leveraging the latest technology to cast light on the massive and incomprehensibly dark environment that extends more than 35,000 feet down. Until recently, this world was known only to our planet’s most unearthly species. This is the story of our largest biome—and the people devoting themselves to understanding it and saving it for future generations. 40 years ago we discovered hydrothermal vents, which act as Earth's plumbing system, transporting chemicals and extreme heat from the molten core of our planet, helping to regulate the chemical makeup of the oceans. But this seemingly toxic environment is still home to life. Organisms that don’t need photosynthesis to survive can live down here. And with most of the seafloor left to explore, many species remain undiscovered. Studying these unlikely ecosystems can teach us about the earliest stages of life’s evolution here on Earth, and about the possibility of life on other planets. That’s why NASA is working with oceanographers to help plan the mission to explore Jupiter's ice-covered moon, Europa. And because these vents form in active volcanic zones, they also help us better understand how landforms and moves over time. Plus, the sludge that’s constantly spewing from the vents contains some of the most valuable metals known to man. [Guardian video journalist] “In the deep ocean, where the water is as dark as ink, lie riches that no treasure hunters have managed to retrieve. They are deposits of precious minerals, from cobalt to gold, that have tantalized miners and nations for decades...” In 2019, a Canadian company will make the first-ever attempt at extracting these minerals. Using the latest technologies and massive, custom designed vehicles, it aims to bring up $1.5 billion worth of metals from a single site 25km off the coast of Papua New Guinea. Nautilus says it will minimize environmental damage by using infrared cameras and sonar to pinpoint the exact location of ore deposits, allowing it to shred less of the ocean floor. But environmentalists aren’t buying it. Preserving a sensitive ecosystem 8,000 feet underwater from the impact of mining is just not that simple. Unfortunately, we may not have much choice. There’s growing demand for these metals, but dwindling supplies of them on land. Cobalt — for instance — is used in jet engines, lithium-ion batteries, and the computer or smartphone you’re watching this video on—and the machines we made it on. But this age-old clash between miners and environment is really just one chapter in a much larger story of technology development—innovations aimed at maintaining the delicate balance of the increasingly threatened ocean ecosystem. One such tool is the EK80 broadband acoustic echo sounder. It uses a range of frequencies to paint a much more comprehensive picture of the amount and types of species living in a selected area of water.
Views: 38873 The Daily Conversation
Deep sea mining!? Leave my down below alone!
 
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Mr Smashing makes a comeback with a deep sea mining disco love song. Destroying the deep sea to get metals for our throw-away mobile phones and other e-devices? Seas At Risk thinks it is better to step up efforts on the circular economy – make devices repairable, re-usable, recyclable. Use mineral resources more efficiently and keep them in the economy loop instead of wasting them. In our leaflet ‘Deep sea mining? Stop and think!’ you can read why we think deep sea mining has no place in the world’s Agenda 2030 for sustainable development. Let’s focus on creating a circular economy instead! http://www.seas-at-risk.org/images/pdf/Infographics/DSM-PDF-leaflet-light.pdf
Views: 8316 Seas At Risk
Deep Sea Mining (Research In Manoa)
 
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The applicable science and law. A discussion with Professor Philomene Verlaan, who is a scientist and a lawyer, on the status and prospects of deep sea mining of ferro-manganese nodules on the sea bed near Hawaii and elsewhere. The host for this episode is Jay Fidell. The guest for this episode is Philomene Verlaan. ThinkTech Hawaii streams live on the Internet from 11:00 am to 5:00 pm every weekday afternoon, Hawaii Time, then streaming earlier shows through the night. Check us out any time for great content and great community. Our vision is to be a leader in shaping a more vital and thriving Hawaii as the foundation for future generations. Our mission is to be the leading digital media platform raising public awareness and promoting civic engagement in Hawaii.
Views: 242 ThinkTech Hawaii
Deep Ocean Mining: The New Frontier
 
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http://www.kitco.com - David Heydon, Founder & Chairman of DeepGreen Resources, discusses the brave new world of deep ocean mining in international waters. Underwater mineral findings include copper, nickel, cobalt and manganese, and Heydon discusses both the efficiencies and difficulties of this new method of mining. For more exclusive PDAC coverage visit http://www.kitco.com/pdac Join the discussion @ the Kitco Forums - http://www.kitcomm.com Follow us on twitter @ http://www.twitter.com/kitconewsnow Connect w/ Kitco News on Facebook - http://on.fb.me/hr3FdK Send your feedback to [email protected] http://www.kitco.com --- Agree? Disagree? Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: http://kitcomm.com -- Or join the conversation on social media: @KitcoNewsNOW on Twitter: http://twitter.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Facebook: http://facebook.com/kitconews
Views: 6114 Kitco NEWS
HUGHES GLOMAR EXPLORER   MINING MINERALS IN THE DEEP OCEAN  MAGANESE NODULE RECOVERY  22324
 
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“Oceanography: Mining Mineral In The Ocean” is an issue of the Science Screen Report, presented by United Technologies Sikorsky Aircraft, that discusses the potential and problems of have deep-sea mining for minerals. The issue opens with shots of the sea, which is a “reserve of global resources,” including metals from deep-sea nodules (polymetallic nodules). These nodules cover vast areas of the sea bottom, and their potential is the reason for a major deep-ocean project being carried out. Deep Sea Nodules can be the size of potatoes, and their porous structure accumulates layers of various metals. They are very slow growing, but sizeable nodules cover areas of the sea floor, providing a significant reserve of metals. As part of the project to determine the mining feasibility of nodules, the first self-propelled robot miner (01:38) is developed and tested. Scientists examine nodules in a lab (02:52), but to answer a number of questions surrounding them, the National Science Foundation uses Research Vessel Melvillle (03:12) to carry out underwater tests. Members of the crew lower sound beacons to create a grid (03:35). Then a robot mapping vehicle is lowered into the water to gather data within the grid. In the control room (04:10), the team monitors the robot’s data. The next step is the collection of sea floor samples (05:08); a box corer is lowered into the water to gather sample nodules, transporting nodules and their environment to the surface. Scientists examine the contents, conduct tests, and record data. The results indicate nodules may grow similar to coral. Next, piston corers (06:52) are used to take out samples of core sections of the floor to add to the mission’s overall understanding. After two weeks, the samples and data are collected, stored, and made accessible to over 50 research centers throughout the world. The next phase involves exploration ship Governor Ray (08:06), which monitors a sea mining research site, and Glomar Explorer (08:22), a surface platform ship (originally built as a deep-sea recovery platform for the CIA as part of Project Azorian also known as Project Jennifer) with an internal dry dock that holds the advanced robot miner. The crew preps for launch day by filling the dry dock, opening the doors (11:00), and moving the robot miner into the water. The robot miner hangs under the ship as pipe attachments are installed, connecting the miner and processor to transport nodule slurry. The robot miner is positioned and the processor is attached to it, enabling the mining operation to begin (12:18). Sonar and TV images show how easily the miner collects nodules as is moves across sea floor capturing images and harvesting nodules, which are crushed into a slurry and piped up to the ship. A commercial miner would be 10 times the size of the robot miner, but the smaller robot miner is the first step in the eventual commercial mining of the sea’s unique nodules. Background on this ... historic film is that it shows techniques used to conduct deep ocean mining of the sea floor, which were pioneered in the 1960s. The potential for this type of mining (particularly of manganese nodules) was never fully realized. Ironically, the program did end up providing the cover for the USNS Hughes Glomar Explorer (T-AG-193), a deep-sea drillship platform built for the United States Central Intelligence Agency Special Activities Division secret operation Project Azorian to recover the sunken Soviet submarine K-129, lost in April 1968. Hughes Glomar Explorer (HGE), as the ship was called at the time, was built between 1973 and 1974, by Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. for more than US$350 million at the direction of Howard Hughes for use by his company, Global Marine Development Inc. This is equivalent to $1.67 billion in present-day terms. She set sail on 20 June 1974. Hughes told the media that the ship's purpose was to extract manganese nodules from the ocean floor. This marine geology cover story became surprisingly influential, spurring many others to examine the idea. But in sworn testimony in United States district court proceedings and in appearances before government agencies, Global Marine executives and others associated with Hughes Glomar Explorer project unanimously maintained that the ship could not be used in any economically viable ocean mineral operation. This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD, 2k and 4k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Views: 1385 PeriscopeFilm
Royal NIOZ & STW - Ecology research on Deep Sea Mining - Azores
 
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Can valuable mineral resources on the ocean floor be responsibly mined? To answer this question, we need to know much more about the deep-sea environments where these minerals occur in high concentrations. In April 2015, an international team of marine scientists sailed with the Dutch research vessel 'Pelagia' of Royal NIOZ to a site southwest of the Azores. Their mission: to collect data and perform experiments around a deep-sea hydrothermal vent field located on the Mid Atlantic Ridge. Sulfide minerals precipitating from the hydrothermal exhausts locally form massive sulfide deposits at the seafloor. In places where hydrothermal activity has ceased, these mineral deposits may become economically viable mining sites. Scientific understanding of the key geological, oceanographic and biological processes at those sites is of pivotal importance for policy makers to weigh the potential gain of valuable minerals against the potential environmental risks of deep sea mining.
Views: 524 ScienceMediaNL
Advance Nauru Deep Sea Mining
 
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The government of Nauru is going to new depths to build more revenue for the future of the country by joining a pioneering venture that could soon power the world’s green economy.
Views: 1209 Nauru TV News
DEEP SEA MINING - destroying the oceans
 
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DEEP SEA MINING - deep ocean mining just around the corner. w​hile deep sea minerals could provide much needed revenue for several pacific island nations questions remain about the impacts of mining on the marine environment and the many communities that depend on it for their livelihoods. breaking the surface - the future of deep sea mining in the pacific. - david heydon founder & chairman of deepgreen resources discusses the brave new world of deep ocean mining in international waters. png locals fight sea mining project. several pacific island nations are eagerly eyeing up the potential economic benefits from valuable deep sea mineral resources that have been discovered within their maritime territories. the world’s first ever deep sea mining operation is scheduled to begin offshore from the pacific island nation of papua new guinea in early 2018. deep ocean mining: the new frontier. under pressure: deep sea minerals in the pacific. an exploration into the emerging industry of deep sea mining leads to more questions than answers... deep sea mining.
Views: 946 Love Science
World's First Deep-Sea Mining Project A Go
 
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Canadian company Nautilus Minerals has received the green light to start mining for gold and copper a mile down. The company will be working off the coast of Papua New Guinea. The job has environmental activists more than concerned. Mashable content. http://www.mashable.com LIKE us on FACEBOOK: http://facebook.com/mashable.video FOLLOW us on TWITTER: http://twitter.com/mashablevideo FOLLOW us on TUMBLR: http://mashable.tumblr.com FOLLOW our INSTAGRAM: http://instagram.com/mashable JOIN our circle on GOOGLE PLUS: http://plus.google.com/+Mashable Subscribe!: http://bit.ly/1ko5eNd Mashable is the leading independent news site for all things tech, social media, and internet culture. http://www.youtube.com/mashable
Views: 1783 Mashable
JPI Oceans: Ecological Aspects of Deep-Sea Mining
 
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In 1989 German ocean researchers started a unique long-term experiment off the coast of Peru. To explore the effects of potential deep sea mining on the seabed, they plowed in about eleven square kilometer area around the seabed. (c) GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel 2016
Views: 2325 GEOMAR Kiel
PNG DEEP SEA MINING BBC NEWS AT TEN
 
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Plans for the world's first deep sea mine are taking shape in the waters off Papua New Guinea. The ocean floor is rich in gold, copper and other minerals in big demand around the world. But some scientists warn that digging up the seabed will destroy marine life, and Sir David Attenborough is among those objecting. BBC News science editor David Shukman reports.
Views: 3572 David Shukman
Breaking the Surface: The Future of Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific
 
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This short film explores how the two Pacific Island nations of Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu are working together with their communities to manage future opportunities and impacts associated with the deep sea mining industry.
Views: 2020 Pacific Community
ABC Catalyst S12E16 Deep Sea Mining
 
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A documentary segment about hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor. No copyright infringement intended. Video remains property of ABC.
Views: 14112 ironfalcon100
What is Deep Sea Mining? Ep 3.: The Azores Case
 
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Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg ENG (see below for Portuguese) The third episode of the web series What is Deep Sea Mining? is set on the Azores archipelago, an autonomous region of Portugal located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Composed of nine volcanic islands that once thrived on the whaling industry, the Azores have since become a hot spot for research in marine biology due to its diverse ecosystems, as it is located above an active triple junction between the Eurasian, African, and North-American tectonic plates. In 2008, one year before Portugal submitted its proposal to extend its continental shelf to the United Nations, the Canadian mining company Nautilus Minerals Inc. presented a proposal for mineral prospection and exploration in six areas off the coast of the Azores. Despite the fact that deep sea mining continues to be under debate between different governmental bodies, no effort was done to inform the wider public or local citizens about such plans. For this episode we interviewed different specialists in marine biology based in the islands, among them José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Teresa Cerqueira, Telmo Morato, and Gisela Dionísio, as well as member of the European Parliament Ricardo Serrão Santos, on the potential impacts of deep sea mining on local ecosystems and on the archipelago’s economical reality. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. What is Deep Sea Mining? is a web series commissioned by TBA21–Academy.  Acknowledgements: Aurora Ribeiro, Espaço Talassa, Gisela Dionísio, Gonçalo Carvalho, Gonçalo Tocha, Henrique Ramos, Joana Borges Coutinho, José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Luis Rodrigues, Márcia Dutra, Museu da Horta, Museu do Pico, Naturalist, Norberto, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Serge Viallelle, Telmo Morato, Tomás Melo, Quinta do bom despacho, and everyone who helped this web series. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos.  PT Para o terceiro episódio da série What is Deep Sea Mining?/ O que é a mineração em mar profundo? viajámos até ao arquipélago dos Açores, território autónomo de Portugal situado no Atlântico norte. Composto por nove ilhas vulcânicas outrora famosas pela indústria da baleação, os Açores tornaram-se entretanto um local de destaque para a investigação em biologia marinha, visto que ao se localizar sobre a Dorsal Mesoatlântica, entre as placas tectónicas Euroasiática, Africana e Norte Americana, a região apresenta uma grande diversidade de ecossistemas. Em 2008, um ano antes de Portugal propor às Nações Unidas o aumento da sua placa continental, a companhia de mineração Canadiana Nautilus Minerals Inc. apresentou uma proposta para prospeção e potencial exploração de minerais em mar profundo em seis áreas ao largo dos Açores. Apesar da mineração em mar profundo ser alvo de debate entre vários representantes governamentais, não foi feito qualquer esforço para informar os cidadãos locais e o público em geral de tais planos. Para este episódio entrevistámos diferentes especialistas em biologia marinha baseados nas ilhas, entre estes José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Teresa Cerqueira, Telmo Morato e Gisela Dionísio, bem como o eurodeputado Ricardo Serrão Santos, para saber mais sobre os potenciais impactos da mineração em mar profundo nos ecossistemas locais e na realidade económica da região. What is Deep Sea Mining? é uma série desenvolvida em colaboração com Margarida Mendes, curadora e ativista de Lisboa, Portugal, e membro fundador do movimento ambientalista contra a mineração em mar profundo, Oceano Livre. What is Deep Sea Mining? é uma comissão de TBA21–Academy. Agradecimentos: Aurora Ribeiro, Espaço Talassa, Gisela Dionísio, Gonçalo Carvalho, Gonçalo Tocha, Henrique Ramos, Joana Borges Coutinho, José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Luis Rodrigues, Márcia Dutra, Museu da Horta, Museu do Pico, Naturalist, Norberto, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Serge Viallelle, Telmo Morato, Tomás Melo, Quinta do bom despacho, and everyone who helped this web series. Um agradecimento especial a: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos.
Views: 422 Inhabitants
Destroying the Oceans, World’s First Deep Sea Mining Venture
 
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The world’s first deep-sea mining operation will kick off in early 2019 when a Canadian firm, Nautilus Minerals Inc., lowers a trio of massive remote-controlled mining robots to the floor of the Bismarck Sea off the coast of Papua New Guinea in pursuit of rich copper and gold reserves.
Views: 2073 Mary Greeley News
Deep Sea Mining under EU Law
 
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The video is part of the Workshop "Limits to Blue Growth in the Deep Sea" at the European Maritime Day, held in Bremen, Germany on 19 May 2014 organised by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Institute for the Law of the Sea and International Marine Environmental Law (ISRIM).
Views: 269 ISRIM
Under Pressure: Deep Sea Minerals in the Pacific
 
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Several Pacific Island nations are eagerly eyeing up the potential economic benefits from valuable deep sea mineral resources that have been discovered within their maritime territories. With a recent surge in commercial interest the Pacific has now become the centre of an international debate over whether the sustainable economic benefits for Pacific Islanders will outweigh the environmental risks of harvesting these precious metals from the bottom of the sea. This short film examines the issue from a number of key perspectives including; anti-deep sea mining NGO's; politicians; government agencies; deep sea mining companies and; the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
Views: 12563 Steve Menzies
What is Deep Sea Mining? A web series. Episode 2: Deep Frontiers
 
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Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: http://inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg instagram: inhabitants_tv #inhabitants Written by anthropologist Stefan Helmreich, What is Deep Sea Mining? Episode 2: Deep Frontiers is a brief history about knowledge of the deep sea and its resources. It highlights the ambiguity of this history, as depictions of the deep changed throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Today, this knowledge informs discussions about the commercialization of biological and geological resources, with the deep sea fast becoming a zone of international dispute, opening up a debate about sustainable practices at sea. What is Deep Sea Mining? is a five episode web series dedicated to the topic of deep sea mining, a new frontier of resource extraction at the bottom of the ocean, set to begin in the next few years. Deep sea mining will occur mainly in areas rich in polymetallic nodules, in seamounts, and in hydrothermal vents. Mining companies are already leasing areas in national and international waters in order to extract minerals and metals such as manganese, cobalt, gold, copper, iron, and other rare earth elements from the seabed. Main sites targeted for future exploration are the mid-atlantic ridge and the Clarion Clipperton Zone (Pacific ocean) in international waters, as well as the islands of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Japan, and the Portuguese Azores archipelago. Yet, potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems are yet to be assessed by the scientific community, and local communities are not being consulted. The prospects of this new, experimental form of mining are re-actualizing a colonial, frontier mentality and redefining extractivist economies for the twenty-first century. This web series addresses different issues related to this process, from resource politics to ocean governance by international bodies, prompting today’s shift towards a "blue economy" but also efforts to defend sustained ocean literacy when the deep ocean, its species, and resources remain largely unmapped and unstudied. Stefan Helmreich is Professor of Anthropology at MIT. He is the author of Alien Ocean: Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas, and, most recently, of Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond (Princeton University Press, 2016). His essays have appeared in Critical Inquiry, Representations, American Anthropologist, Cabinet, and The Wire. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. It was commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy and premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. For more information and links to NGOs, advocacy, and activist groups involved in deep sea mining visit: deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/the-last-frontier/ savethehighseas.org/deep-sea-mining/ deepseaminingwatch.msi.ucsb.edu/#!/intro?view=-15|-160|2||1020|335 oceanolivre.org/ facebook.com/Alliance-of-Solwara-Warriors-234267050262483/ Acknowledgements: Stefan Helmreich, Matt Gianni, and everyone who helped this web series. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos. Commissioned by TBA21 - Academy. FB: TBA21–Academy @TBA.Academy Instagram: @tba21academy web: tba21.org/ tba21.org/#tag--Academy--282 #deepseamining
Views: 541 Inhabitants
The Clouds Will Clear - Deep Sea Mining
 
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Track: Deep Sea Mining Band: The Clouds Will Clear Visuals: Sabine Füreder & Gerold Brunner (http://www.sabine-fuereder.at, http://www.geroldbrunner.com) Written, performed and recorded by The Clouds Will Clear. Drums recorded by Reinhard 'Bux' Brunner at ATS-Records, Austria (www.ats-records.com) Mixed and mastered by Kai Stahlenberg at Kohlekeller Studio B, Germany (www.kohlekeller.de) Cover Photos and Layout by Oli Hummel (www.hummelgrafik.de) ________________________________________________________ The Clouds Will Clear is: Angelo - Guitars, Synths, Samples Tobias - Guitars, Synths Andreas - Bass Gerold - Drums, Visuals https://thecloudswillclear.bandcamp.com/ https://facebook.com/thecloudswillclearmusic/ @thecloudswillclear Contact and Booking: [email protected] © 2018 The Clouds Will Clear, all rights reserved __________________________________________________________________________________ additional footage by: Mitch Martinez Simon Waldock, https://videvo.net, (CC BY) yasudatakahiro, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Florian Lalanne, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Pixeldealer, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Kiril Dobrev, https://videvo.net Videvo, www.videvo.net
Deep sea mining: Seas At Risk's statement at the UN Ocean Conference
 
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At the Ocean Conference of the United Nations, Seas At Risk, supported by its 34 members and Mission Blue, BLOOM, the Deep Sea Mining Campaign and Earthworks, called on the international community to stop deep sea mining in its tracks.
Views: 425 Seas At Risk
[17] Deep Sea Mining- Subnautica
 
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Views: 835 tokshen
Under Pressure - Deep Sea Minerals Resources
 
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Documentary examines the perspectives of different stakeholders involved with deep sea mineral resources in the Pacific.
Views: 734 Pacific Community
4 - Governing deep seabed mining
 
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=== Abstract === Deep-sea mining is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep seabed, the area of the seabed below 200m. Whilst there has been interest in the deep seabed since the 1970s, there has been growing interest in recent years due to the depleting deposits from terrestrial sources of metals such as manganese, coupled with the increasing demand for the same metals in green technologies such as wind turbines. Each resource type will have specific challenges, solutions, technologies and mining techniques. In essence, all will require seafloor vehicles to crush and collect the material which will then be fed to the support vessel. However, as the deep sea remains understudied and poorly understood, there are many gaps in our understanding of its biodiversity and ecosystems. This makes it difficult to thoroughly assess the potential impacts of deep-sea mining and to put in place adequate safeguards to protect the marine environment. As there are likely to be impacts beyond our current knowledge, the International Seabed Authority (ISA) is operating a dual mandate of promoting the development of deep-sea minerals whilst ensuring that this development is not harmful to the environment. As such, they are currently going through the process of consultation with the international community (government representatives, scientific community, private contractors etc.) to ensure that the marine life is adequately protected. This presentation will discuss why deep seabed mining is gaining traction and review the governance to date looking at what is already in place and where the gaps are. === Speaker: David Carlin, Ocean Governance SIG - https://www.imarest.org/special-interest-groups/ocean-governance === David is the Science Director at CEFAS, and has worked primarily on science, evidence and advice in support of the regulation of activities in the marine environment. He undertook a secondment to the former Marine and Fisheries Agency (the forerunner to the Marine Management Organisation, MMO) to provide a link between scientific evidence and regulation and assist with the transfer of policy and regulation between government departments. During his time at Cefas David has fulfilled a number of scientific and managerial roles within the organisation and roles outside, including programme steering group membership and ICES Expert Group Chair. He is a Fellow of the IMarEST and David was appointed Environment and Ecosystems Divisional Director in September 2012. === IMarEST Annual Conference 2019 - Shaping the future of a sustainable blue economy - https://www.imarest.org/annualconference