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Go (board game) | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:28
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go_(game) 00:02:28 1 Etymology 00:03:38 2 Overview 00:07:21 3 Rules 00:08:58 3.1 Basic rules 00:10:33 3.2 Ko rule 00:11:56 3.3 Suicide 00:12:49 3.4 Komi 00:13:21 3.5 Scoring rules 00:15:30 3.6 Life and death 00:17:30 3.7 Seki (mutual life) 00:18:49 4 Tactics 00:19:15 4.1 Capturing tactics 00:21:16 4.2 Reading ahead 00:22:21 4.3 Ko fighting 00:24:02 5 Strategy 00:24:54 5.1 Basic concepts 00:27:01 5.2 Opening strategy 00:28:09 5.3 Middle phase and endgame 00:29:43 6 History 00:29:52 6.1 Origin in China 00:31:19 6.2 Spread to Korea and Japan 00:32:56 6.3 Internationalization 00:35:08 7 Competitive play 00:35:17 7.1 Ranks and ratings 00:36:35 7.2 Tournament and match rules 00:38:13 7.3 Time control 00:40:01 7.4 Notation and recording games 00:41:19 7.5 Top players and professional go 00:46:24 8 Equipment 00:47:02 8.1 Traditional equipment 00:47:11 8.1.1 Boards 00:49:39 8.1.2 Stones 00:51:39 8.1.3 Bowls 00:52:57 8.2 Playing technique and etiquette 00:54:10 9 Computers and Go 00:54:19 9.1 Nature of the game 00:56:05 9.2 Software players 01:01:12 9.3 Software assistance 01:02:53 10 In popular culture and science 01:05:15 11 Psychology 01:06:13 12 Game theory 01:07:42 13 Comparisons 01:08:58 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent. The game was invented in China more than 2,500 years ago and is believed to be the oldest board game continuously played to the present day. A 2016 survey by the International Go Federation's 75 member nations found that there are over 46 million people worldwide who know how to play Go and over 20 million current players, the majority of whom live in East Asia. The playing pieces are called "stones". One player uses the white stones and the other, black. The players take turns placing the stones on the vacant intersections ("points") of a board. Once placed on the board, stones may not be moved, but stones are removed from the board if "captured". Capture happens when a stone or group of stones is surrounded by opposing stones on all orthogonally-adjacent points. The game proceeds until neither player wishes to make another move. When a game concludes, the winner is determined by counting each player's surrounded territory along with captured stones and komi (points added to the score of the player with the white stones as compensation for playing second). Games may also be terminated by resignation. A teacher might simplify the explanation by saying to a student "you may place your stone on any point on the board, but if I surround that stone, I will remove it." The standard Go board has a 19×19 grid of lines, containing 361 points. Beginners often play on smaller 9×9 and 13×13 boards, and archaeological evidence shows that the game was played in earlier centuries on a board with a 17×17 grid. However, boards with a 19×19 grid had become standard by the time the game had reached Korea in the 5th century CE and later Japan in the 7th century CE.Go was considered one of the four essential arts of the cultured aristocratic Chinese scholars in antiquity. The earliest written reference to the game is generally recognized as the historical annal Zuo Zhuan (c. 4th century BC).Despite its relatively simple rules, Go is very complex. Compared to chess, Go has both a larger board with more scope for play and longer games, and, on average, many more alternatives to consider per move. The lower bound on the number of legal board positions in Go has been estimated to be 2 x 10170.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
Go (game) | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:28
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go_(game) 00:02:28 1 Etymology 00:03:38 2 Overview 00:07:21 3 Rules 00:08:58 3.1 Basic rules 00:10:33 3.2 Ko rule 00:11:56 3.3 Suicide 00:12:49 3.4 Komi 00:13:21 3.5 Scoring rules 00:15:30 3.6 Life and death 00:17:30 3.7 Seki (mutual life) 00:18:49 4 Tactics 00:19:15 4.1 Capturing tactics 00:21:16 4.2 Reading ahead 00:22:21 4.3 Ko fighting 00:24:02 5 Strategy 00:24:54 5.1 Basic concepts 00:27:01 5.2 Opening strategy 00:28:09 5.3 Middle phase and endgame 00:29:43 6 History 00:29:52 6.1 Origin in China 00:31:19 6.2 Spread to Korea and Japan 00:32:56 6.3 Internationalization 00:35:08 7 Competitive play 00:35:17 7.1 Ranks and ratings 00:36:35 7.2 Tournament and match rules 00:38:13 7.3 Time control 00:40:01 7.4 Notation and recording games 00:41:19 7.5 Top players and professional go 00:46:24 8 Equipment 00:47:02 8.1 Traditional equipment 00:47:11 8.1.1 Boards 00:49:39 8.1.2 Stones 00:51:39 8.1.3 Bowls 00:52:57 8.2 Playing technique and etiquette 00:54:10 9 Computers and Go 00:54:19 9.1 Nature of the game 00:56:05 9.2 Software players 01:01:12 9.3 Software assistance 01:02:53 10 In popular culture and science 01:05:15 11 Psychology 01:06:13 12 Game theory 01:07:42 13 Comparisons 01:08:58 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent. The game was invented in China more than 2,500 years ago and is believed to be the oldest board game continuously played to the present day. A 2016 survey by the International Go Federation's 75 member nations found that there are over 46 million people worldwide who know how to play Go and over 20 million current players, the majority of whom live in East Asia. The playing pieces are called "stones". One player uses the white stones and the other, black. The players take turns placing the stones on the vacant intersections ("points") of a board. Once placed on the board, stones may not be moved, but stones are removed from the board if "captured". Capture happens when a stone or group of stones is surrounded by opposing stones on all orthogonally-adjacent points. The game proceeds until neither player wishes to make another move. When a game concludes, the winner is determined by counting each player's surrounded territory along with captured stones and komi (points added to the score of the player with the white stones as compensation for playing second). Games may also be terminated by resignation. A teacher might simplify the explanation by saying to a student "you may place your stone on any point on the board, but if I surround that stone, I will remove it." The standard Go board has a 19×19 grid of lines, containing 361 points. Beginners often play on smaller 9×9 and 13×13 boards, and archaeological evidence shows that the game was played in earlier centuries on a board with a 17×17 grid. However, boards with a 19×19 grid had become standard by the time the game had reached Korea in the 5th century CE and later Japan in the 7th century CE.Go was considered one of the four essential arts of the cultured aristocratic Chinese scholars in antiquity. The earliest written reference to the game is generally recognized as the historical annal Zuo Zhuan (c. 4th century BC).Despite its relatively simple rules, Go is very complex. Compared to chess, Go has both a larger board with more scope for play and longer games, and, on average, many more alternatives to consider per move. The lower bound on the number of legal board positions in Go has been estimated to be 2 x 10170.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts