A conversation with Dr. Steven Zucker & Dr. Beth Harris In classical architecture, the Orders consist of variations of an assembly of parts made up of a column (usually with a base), a capital, and an entablature. These structural units may be repeated and combined to form the elevation of a building and its architectural vocabulary. There are eight Orders in total: Doric (Greek and Roman versions), Tuscan, Ionic (Greek and Roman), Corinthian (Greek and Roman), and Composite. The simplest is the Tuscan, supposedly derived from the Etruscan-type temple. It has a base and capital and a plain column. The Doric is probably earlier, however, its Greek version having no base, as on the Parthenon. The Ionic Order, with its twin volute capitals, originated in Asia Minor in the mid-6th century B.C.E. The Corinthian Order was an Athenian invention of the 5th century B.C.E. and was later developed by the Romans. The Composite Order is a late Roman combination of elements from the Ionic and Corinthian Orders. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms, Michael Clarke, Deborah Clarke. © 2012 Oxford University Press. Available at Oxford Art OnlineAncient Greece . Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
Views: 426858 Smarthistory
The proportional system of the Doric Order based on the rule established by Vignola (1507-1573) during the Renaissance Music by Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741): Concerto in A minor - RV 397; Largo I Solisti Veneti - Claudio Scimone, conductor; Nane Calabrese, viola d'amore
Views: 6743 Architectural Orders
My English Class Project :)
Views: 44421 FrozeSniper08
Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian—oh my! Build on your knowledge of Greek columns with Ella, age 10, and find out why ancient Greek architecture is still so popular today. Credits #MetKids is a digital feature made for, with, and by kids! http://www.metmuseum.org/art/online-features/metkids/credits About #MetKids http://www.metmuseum.org/art/online-features/metkids/about #MetKids Contributor: Ella Featured Artwork: Marble column from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/252453 Music: Kevin MacLeod, "Carefree" (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Special thanks to the Department of Greek and Roman Art. Closed captioning for this video is available in ten additional languages: #MetKids— كيف يمكنني أن أتعرف على العمارة اليونانية القديمة؟ #MetKids—我们怎样识别古希腊建筑？ #MetKids—Comment reconnaître l’architecture de la Grèce antique ? #MetKids—Wie kann ich antike griechische Architektur erkennen? #MetKids—Come Posso Riconoscere L'antica Architettura Greca? メットキッズ—古代ギリシャ建築をどう認識できますか？ #MetKids—어떻게 고대 그리스 건축 양식을 알아볼 수 있을까요? #MetKids—Como posso reconhecer a arquitetura grega antiga? #MetKids—Как я могу отличить архитектуру Древней Греции? #MetKids: ¿Cómo reconocer la arquitectura griega? Supported by Bloomberg Philanthropies. © 2015 The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Views: 35691 The Met
A series of orders.
Views: 5811 주니마스 JUNNY MAAS
Please watch: "📐Interior Design 101 Previews" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xAjr_xq4qys --~-- http://www.freehandarchitecture.com 1.) Draw anything you come across in your architectural career. 2.) Develope your own unique drawing style. 3.) Come up with ideas on the spot for all you designs, just by sketching. I have a question for you: Do you want to take your architecture drawing and design game to the NEXT Level? I mean really, do you want everything that you produce in architecture (sketches, designs, architectural graphics, EVERYTHING) to get to the next level? Then here is the link to purchase 'Draw Like A Real Architect' bit.ly/architecturebook Be a boss, take a risk and get that book! (It will change your life)
Views: 14790 Freehand Architecture
Views: 161 Montassar AJAM
There’s a reason almost every column has the same leaves… Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Follow Phil Edwards on Facebook here: https://www.facebook.com/philedwardsinc1/ In this episode of Vox Almanac, Phil Edwards explores why columns look the way they do — in particular, the leave-strewn Corinthian columns you’ll often see on buildings (both old and new). These leaves actually have an originating myth courtesy of the writer Vitruvius, crediting Callimachus for the Corinthian column design. The acanthus leaves on the column have remained consistent over millennia, and, over time, have come to represent more than just a sturdy plant. They’re on display in this video at the National Arboretum, where columns that used to sit on the United States Capitol have been relocated. These striking columns aren’t just a historical record — they’re a symbol of how Corinthian design and acanthus leaves manage to endure over time. Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com. Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H
Views: 998944 Vox
Thankyou for watching. subscribe mediawikia channel : youtube.com/mediawikiachannel Documentaries From Around The World: https://goo.gl/u8I39p Documentary HD: https://goo.gl/4dPjzM The design of Ancient Greece is the engineering delivered by the Greek-talking individuals (Hellenic individuals) whose society prospered on the Greek territory and the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in states in Anatolia and Italy for a period from around 900 BC until the first century AD, with the most punctual staying building works dating from around 600 BC. Old Greek engineering is best known from its sanctuaries, a large portion of which are found all through the locale, for the most part as remains yet numerous considerably in place. The second imperative kind of building that survives everywhere throughout the Hellenic world is the outdoors theater, with the most punctual dating from around 350 BC. Other structural structures that are still in confirmation are the processional portal (propylon), the general population square (marketplace) encompassed by storied corridor (stoa), the town committee building (bouleuterion), people in general landmark, the grand tomb (sepulcher) and the stadium. Old Greek design is recognized by its exceptionally formalized qualities, both of structure and enhancement. This is especially so on account of sanctuaries where every building seems to have been imagined as a sculptural element inside the scene, regularly raised on high ground so that the class of its extents and the impacts of light on its surfaces may be seen from all points. Nikolaus Pevsner alludes to "the plastic state of the [Greek] temple.....placed before us with a physical nearness more extraordinary, more alive than that of any later building". The formal vocabulary of Ancient Greek design, specifically the division of compositional style into three characterized orders: the Doric Order, the Ionic Order and the Corinthian Order, was to have significant impact on Western engineering of later periods. The design of Ancient Rome became out of that of Greece and kept up its impact in Italy unbroken until the present day. From the Renaissance, recoveries of Classicism have kept alive not just the exact structures and requested subtle elements of Greek engineering, additionally its idea of building excellence in view of equalization and extent. The progressive styles of Neoclassical design and Greek Revival engineering took after and adjusted Ancient Greek styles nearly. History: History specialists isolate Ancient Greek progress into two times, the Hellenic time frame (from around 900 BC to the passing of Alexander the Great in 323 BC), and the Hellenistic period (323 BC to 30 AD). Amid the prior (Hellenic) time frame, significant works of engineering started to show up (around 600 BC). Amid the later (Hellenistic) period, Greek society spread broadly, at first as a consequence of Alexander's success of different grounds, and later as an aftereffect of the ascent of the Roman Empire, which embraced a lot of Greek society. Prior to the Hellenic time, two noteworthy societies had overwhelmed the district: the Minoan (c. 2800–1100 BC), and the Mycenaean (c.1500–1100 BC). Minoan is the name given by cutting edge history specialists to the way of life of the general population of old Crete, known for its elaborate and lavishly enlivened royal residences, and for its earthenware painted with flower and marine themes. The Mycenaean society, which thrived on the Peloponnesus, was entirely diverse in character. Its kin constructed strongholds, fortresses and tombs instead of castles, and adorned their earthenware with groups of walking fighters as opposed to octopus and kelp. Both these human advancements reached an end around 1100 BC, that of Crete perhaps as a result of volcanic obliteration, and that of Mycenae due to an intrusion by the Dorian individuals who lived on the Greek terrain. Taking after these occasions, there was a period from which few indications of society remain. This period is subsequently regularly alluded to as a Dark Age. The towns set up by the Dorian individuals were managed at first by a gentry, and later by "despots", pioneers who ascended from the vendor or warrior classes. A few urban communities, for example, Sparta, kept up an emphatically requested and traditionalist character, similar to that of the Mycenae. The way of life of Athens, then again, was impacted by the inundation of Ionian individuals from Asia Minor. In the social differing qualities coming about because of that flood, Athenian society built up the specialty of rationale, and with it the possibility of majority rules system.
Views: 17610 Mediawikia Channel
The Parthenon is the brightest monument of ancient Greek architecture and the Athenian state and the Doric-style colossus. Its construction began in 448/7 BC. and the inauguration took place in 438 BC. in Megala Panathenaia, while the sculptural decoration was completed in 433/2 BC. According to the sources, the ancient Greek architects who worked in the construction of the virgin were Iktinos, Kallikratis and probably Pheidias, who also had the sculpture decoration responsibility. It is one of the few Greek-style Greek temples and the only Doric with all its metopes. Many parts of the Parthenon sculptural decoration, the architrave and the roof panels have been painted in red, blue and gold. Pentelic marble was used, except for the stilabate, which was made of limestone. Ancient Greek Architecture - Parthenon.
Views: 59 Αncient Greece
Ali, Caitlin and Haley performing "All about that BASE" to explain Greek Architecture of the Doric Order, Ionic Order, and Corinthian Order. **MEASUREMENTS OF THE DIFFERENT ORDERS** Doric: Column Diameter- -height of 3 steps -one sixth (or one seventh) of column height (equal to a man’s foot in relationship to his height) Intercolumnar Space- -two sets of triglyphs and metopes -half the height of column shaft Ionic: Column Diameter- -One ninth of the height Intercolumniation- -Two and a quarter times column thickness Column Height- Entablature is one fourth of column height Corinthian: -Similar proportions as Ionic. The only difference is the capital, which includes acanthus leaves.
Views: 334 Caitlin Dudley
Learn how to draw a Greek Ionic Column Real Easy with Shoo Rayner, the author of Everyone Can Draw - the book that teaches you how to draw Real Easy! over a year ago, Ahmed Essam asked me how to draw columns and their different capital styles. Here is the first, the ionic style, which is quite simple. They get more flowery and complicated after this! Don't forget to go to http://www.drawstuffrealeasy.com to find details of my monthly drawing competition and win a signed copy of Everyone Can Draw. You can buy signed copies of Everyone Can Draw here: http://bit.ly/EveryoneCanDrawSignedByTheAuthor or search - shoorayner everyone can draw - on amazon. Artwork for sale in my online store http://bit.ly/SignedArtwork I use Rotring Tikky GraphicPens. Find them here in the UK http://bit.ly/TikkyGraphicUK and here in the USA http://bit.ly/TikkyGraphicUS You can find the Copic Caio Marker pens here in the UK http://bit.ly/CopicCiaoSetUK and here in the USA http://bit.ly/CopicCiaoSetUSA Subscribe to this channel for lots more drawing http://bit.ly/sub2DrawStuff Follow Shoo on Facebook at fb.me/ShooRaynerAuthor Shoo has illustrated well over 250 children's books for famous authors and for his own stories. See Shoo's books on amazon.com http://amzn.to/Jp6YEW and on amazon.co.uk http://amzn.to/J9lBvk Follow Shoo's other channel http://www.youtube.com/shooraynerdrawing for longer tutorials, chat,advice,techniques and interviews with other great artists and illustrators. I use a Rotring Tikky Graphic 0.3 pen and copic Ciao markers. The paper is fairly cheap drawing cartridge or bristol paper. Find out more about Shoo and his books at http://www.shoorayner.com. New Drawstuffrealeasy videos are now being made on my ShooRaynerDrawing channel on Mondays at 16:00hr or 4:00pm Uk time on my Draw Stuff Mondays Show. There's a whole lot more on that channel, so subscribe now for lots more drawing :) ➡️ http://bit.ly/Sub2Shoo Funtastic Fridays is a more in-depth drawing/illustration show Easy Like a Sunday Morning at 07:30am is an easy drawing show with simple cartoony drawings. And coming soon, the Wednesday Drawing Show, where anything could happen! Reviews, interviews, and maybe even live shows! Support me on Patreon ➡️ http://bit.ly/ShooPatreonPage Buy signed copies of Everyone Can Draw: http://bit.ly/EveryoneCanDrawSignedByTheAuthor Shoo Rayner has illustrated well over 250 children's books for famous authors and for his own stories. See Shoo's books on amazon.com http://amzn.to/Jp6YEW and on amazon.co.uk http://amzn.to/J9lBvk I use a Rotring Tikky Graphic 0.3 pen and copic Ciao markers. The paper is fairly cheap drawing cartridge or bristol paper. Find out more about Shoo and his books at http://www.shoorayner.com.
Views: 36763 drawstuffrealeasy
How to: a quick step-by-step guide for drawing correct proportions of the 5 classic Roman column orders - Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite. Blog: www.towncrafting.blogspot.com James Dougherty is Principal and Director of Design at Dover, Kohl & Partners town planning www.doverkohl.com
Views: 524 James Dougherty
The Doric Order of Architecture is the first of the 3 Greek Orders. A simple column with a slight taper its exact origin is argued, some claim it was an evolution of the simpler wooden "oak" columns. While others point to temples in Egypt such as Beni Hassan. 1st century Roman architect Vitruvius describes the Doric column as having a masculine nature with a ratio of 6 to 1 between height and diameter, yet in practice the Doric varies between 4.5 - 7 to 1. Being masculine in nature the Doric Column is one of 3 featured on esoteric tracing boards such as the Freemasonic tableaus. Doric is male or the Column of Strength, connections that date back to Vitruvius who declared Doric Order to be the most suitable for masculine gods such as Mars. While Ionic Order columns lend themselves more toward the feminine dieties.
Views: 374 SGD Sacred Geometry Decoded
A video slide show of the Doric order build in the show room at Architectural Wood Products located in Pacheco CA. Designed and built by AWP owner Robby Myer and local finish carpenter Jesse Wright of Architectural Molding, and Wright Design. This piece serves as a historic monument in the show room to honor the ancient Greeks and Romans who invented classical architecture as we know it today.
Views: 3396 Jesse Wright
The Doric order was one of the three orders of ancient Greek or classical architecture. The Greek Doric column was fluted, had no base and it is most easily recognised by the simple circular capitals at the top of columns. It was the earliest and in its essence the simplest of the orders, though still with complex details in the entablature above. It is also normally the cheapest of the orders to use.
Views: 1102 Hopliteia
The terms designating the elements composing the Denticulated Doric Order. Music by Georg Friedrich Händel (1685-1759); Concerto Grosso N. 10, Op. 6 in D Minor; Allegro Norddeutsche Philharmonie - Robert Hala, conductor DDD Edition
Views: 171 Architectural Orders
The Parthenon (Modern Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a programme of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure. Share the video: https://youtu.be/V14OpgePTZI
Views: 21771 Documentaries Collection
This video features clips from 4 of my many albums of my of ancient lyre music, featuring both the actual surviving fragments of the music of Ancient Greece, as well as my original compositions for replica lyre, in a selection of some of the original Ancient Greek Modes... My albums of ancient Greek-themed lyre Music are available, anywhere in the world, from all major digital music stores and streaming sites, including iTunes, Amazon, Apple Music, Spotify and Google Play - free PDF booklets of all the detailed album notes are available from my website: http://ancientlyre.com/ancient_greek_themed_albums/ For full details, and all the historical research behind my myriad of "Musical Adventures in Time Travel", please visit my official website: http://www.ancientlyre.com Many thanks for watching!
Views: 1337152 Michael Levy
Your favorite teachers (Ms. Hagener, Mr. Merchan, and Ms. Nesslar) answer the big questions you all want to know; what're the differences between Doric, Ionic and Corinthian columns? Be sure to take the quiz after you've watched in the link below! Quiz: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScgdMt5rWNmoXMC1rw0K-eSSegQLevECOb_2IESQFi7YTGjgA/viewform?usp=sf_link
Views: 37 David Merchan
Doric columns include much simpler capitals, or decorative tops, than those of Corinthian or Ionic columns, and you can learn how to draw them with the proper use of line, form and shading. A professional art teacher demonstrates in this free video of drawing lessons. Expert: Dori Decamillis Contact: www.reddotgallery.com Bio: Dori DeCamillis owns Red Dot Gallery, a working artist studio, gallery and teaching space in Birmingham, Alabama, and also teaches drawing and painting. Filmmaker: Chip Burns Series Description: A few drawing lessons from a professional artist and art teacher can have you creating realistic images in no time, from the curves of bones and muscles to the hard edges of a diamond ring. Enjoy expert tips and demonstrations in this free video series.
Views: 43303 eHowArtsAndCrafts
The terms designating the elements composing the Mutulary Doric Order. Music by Georg Friedrich Händel (1685-1759); Organ Concert N. 5, Op. 4 in F Major; Presto The English Concert - Trevor Pinnok, conductor - Simon Preston, organ Archiv Edition
Views: 192 Architectural Orders
This is a video about 7 facts in architecture. They are as follows; In classical design a pediment is the roof structure directly over the entablature. The origin of the triangular shape is, of course, a simple gable roof structure, although decorative pediments also come in a wide variety of shapes; The baseboard, also called the base molding, is a board that covers the gap between the finish floor material and the wall surface. The baseboard can be as simple as a single board and as elaborate as a number of moldings assembled together; The diameter of a classical column is larger at the bottom than the top, and the lower middle portion of the shaft bulges out slightly. This technique is called entasis and it’s done in order to make the column look like it’s supporting something or load bearing; The origins of the Greek Ionic order are the Ionian Greeks of the mid 6th century BCE. What makes the Ionic column unusual is the volute or spiraling capital. Ionic columns typically include vertical fluting; Two words that are often confused are mullion and muntin. A Mullion is a vertical or horizontal structural divider that separates a window or opening. A muntin, on the other hand, is typically smaller and separates objects within an opening or window, like panes of glass; Round architectural columns and square piers are stand alone (freestanding) elements. If a classical column is split and attached to a wall it’s called an engaged column. When the same is done to a classical pier it’s called a pilaster; The Modern Movement in architecture ushered in a new era of style and form. One marked by asymmetry. And today, asymmetrical buildings are very common. In architecture, the word asymmetrical describes a building that is dissimilar at either side of a central axis. This is a video series about facts in architecture. The 15 second videos featured in the series are created by Doug and posted every day on his Instagram account @dougpatt. http://www.howtoarchitect.com https://www.instagram.com/dougpatt/
Views: 10293 How to Architect
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Ancient Greek architecture Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC.Ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, and the parthenon is a prime example of this, mostly as ruins but many substantially intact. The second important type of building that survives all over the Hellenic world is the open-air theatre, with the earliest dating from around 525-480 BC. Other architectural forms that are still in evidence are the processional gateway (propylon), the public square (agora) surrounded by storied colonnade (stoa), the town council building (bouleuterion), the public monument, the monumental tomb (mausoleum) and the stadium. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalised characteristics, both of structure and decoration. This is particularly so in the case of temples where each building appears to have been conceived as a sculptural entity within the landscape, most often raised on high ground so that the elegance of its proportions and the effects of light on its surfaces might be viewed from all angles. Nikolaus Pevsner refers to "the plastic shape of the [Greek] temple ... placed before us with a physical presence more intense, more alive than that of any later building".The formal vocabulary of ancient Greek architecture, in particular the division of architectural style into three defined orders: the Doric Order, the Ionic Order and the Corinthian Order, was to have profound effect on Western architecture of later periods. The architecture of ancient Rome grew out of that of Greece and maintained its influence in Italy unbroken until the present day. From the Renaissance, revivals of Classicism have kept alive not only the precise forms and ordered details of Greek architecture, but also its concept of architectural beauty based on balance and proportion. The successive styles of Neoclassical architecture and Greek Revival architecture followed and adapted Ancient Greek styles closely.
Views: 41 wikipedia tts
When Prince Alfred, second son of Queen Victoria, visited Australia in 1868 he set in place a series of events that led to the RPA (Royal Prince Alfred) Hospital being built. After surviving an assassination attempt while attended a picnic in Sydney hosted by the Freemasons Prince Alfred donated a large sum of money to the lodge Grandmaste William Vial for coming to his rescue. This donation was then given to begin the construction of the RPA, which in turn was built in a style of architecture that is entirely esoteric although this is not immediately recognizable without certain key knowledge. In particular the use of 3 ancient styles of columns at the front of the RPA building. Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. These columns encode symbolism, proportion and other knowledge that can be physically traced back to the ancient world.
Views: 1577 SGD Sacred Geometry Decoded
the classical five orders of columns in the history of architecture game:http://www.purposegames.com/game/the-e28098classicale28099-five-orders-of-columns-game classical five orders,classical ,five orders,orders,five,orders of columns,column,columns,the history of architecture,history,architecture,sports,doric,tuscan,corinthian,composite,Composite Column,Ionic,Corinthian Column,Doric Column,roman architecture,greek architecture,romans,greeks,historical,education history,greek temple,roman temple,temples,temple, the ‘classical’ Five Orders of columns columns,classical,classic,column,doric,tuscan,corinthian,composite,composite column,doric,column,tuscan column,greeks,roman,romans,architecture,Ionic Column,Composite Column,Ionic,Corinthian Column,Doric Column,
Views: 761 Anatomy Quizer
Presentation Done for work on lightworks, Just thought I would share it
Views: 8760 tyron littlejohn
As described by Vitruvius the Ionic is feminine in design.The volutes based on the simple adorned beauty of the female form, naked except for the curls of her hair. Ionic female proportions of 8 to 1, or 8 times higher than the columns are wide. More slender than the 6 to 1 of the masculine Doric. Also known as the Column of Wisdom, halfway between Doric Strength amd Corinthian beauty,
Views: 237 SGD Sacred Geometry Decoded
This video contains a description of the monumental buildings in the Acropolis. Especially it has very interesting analysis of the proportions and optical refinements of The Parthenon. This monumental work is a peripteral octostyle Doric temple on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Its construction began in 447 and was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, considered the zenith of the Doric order. The construction of The Parthenon, made almost entirely of white marble from Mount Penteli, was initiated by Pericles in thanks to the gods for his victory against the Persians. The architects in charge of the work were Ictino and Calicrates and were, in most cases, under the direction of the architect and great Athenian sculptor Phidias, author of the sculptural decoration and the great statue of Athena Parthenos which was located as the centerpiece of the temple (measuring forty feet high and for its elaboration 1,200 kg of gold were needed).
Views: 104176 Hernán Gil
In this tutorial you will learn how to use SketchUp to create a simple Doric style capital. In the world of architecture, a capital is the part directly above the shaft of a column (or pilaster) The capital provides a larger support surface between the column and the load that the column bears.
Views: 4989 Vega1018atHSNorth
Third video about the Greek Art serie. Any doubt? Send me a message. Historia del Arte: https://namerethistoriadelarte.blogspot.com.es/ Land of the Art: https://www.facebook.com/landoftheart The birth of Greek culture and art were born between the IX and VIII centuries BCE on the peninsula of Attica, the Peloponnese peninsula, the peninsula on the west coast of Asia Minor and the Aegean islands. The importance of their art and culture is enormous. The Archaic period in Greece (800 BCE – 480 BCE) is a period of ancient Greek history that followed the Greek Dark Ages. This period saw the rise of the polis (city-states), the founding of colonies, the annexations by the Persian empire, as well as the first inklings of classical philosophy, theatre in the form of tragedies performed during Dionysia, and written poetry, which appeared with the reintroduction of the written language, lost during the Greek Dark Ages. Stoa of Attalus: a stoa is a public building covered with walkways or porticos. Early stoas were open at the entrance with columns, usually of the Doric order, lining the side of the building. Temple of Artemis, Corfu: know by the Gorgone (Medusa) at the fronton. Temple of Aphaia (Egina): Aphaia is a local deity similar to Athena. The theme of the frontons is the War of Troy. Temple of Hera (Paestum): dedicated to Hera. Temple of Poseidon (Paestum): dedicated to Poseidon. Temple of Zeus at Olympia: it is well known because it had the Statue of Olympian Zeus by Phidias and by it great fronton (see chapter 4 for info about the fronton). Siphnian Treasury: a treasury is a small building with a temple form used to save votive offerings. In this one, in the fronton, Heracles and Apollo are fighting for the tripod of Delphi. Zeus is in the middle. The frieze has mythological scenes. In one side the theme is Troy, and in the other the theme is a council of the gods that had part in the War of Troy. Athenian Treasury: the same, and the metopes tell acts of Heracles and Teseus, and an Amazonomachy. Sicily: if you want to see greek temples, come here. All the temples respect the classical style. Interesting and rare is the Temple of Olympian Zeus. You can see atlanteans too. Music: Chocolate outline by Age of Mythology Photos taken in Google images. No copyright infringement intended.
Views: 123 Historia del Arte | Land of the Art
The temple of Apollo Epikourios, one of the most important and most imposing temples of antiquity, stands in the bare and rocky landscape of Bassae. It is unique in the history of ancient Greek architecture because it combines a variety of novel ideas both in its external appearance and in its internal arrangements. Indeed, Pausanias considered it to be among the finest temples of the Peloponnese in terms of sheer beauty and harmony, second only to that of Tegea (8, 41, 8). The building is dated to 420-400 BC and is believed to be the work of Iktinos, who succeeded in combining masterfully several Archaic features imposed by the conservative tradition of the Arcadians with the characteristics of the new Classical style. The surviving temple is not the first one to have been constructed on the site. The earliest temple of Apollo erected in the late seventh century BC, possibly at the same location, was rebuilt at least twice in approximately 600 and 500 BC. Many architectural features from these two phases survive, including a large terracotta acroterion with ornate painted decoration, roof-tiles and antefixes. The Classical temple was raised on bedrock, on a specially built terrace. Like several other temples in Arcadia, it is orientated east-west instead of the usual north-south, possibly because of local tradition. The building is of local grey limestone, with parts of the roof, the capitals of the cella and the sculptural decoration being of marble. This is the only known temple of antiquity to combine three architectural orders. It is Doric, peripteral, distyle in antis, with pronaos, cella, adyton and opisthodomos. The temple has six columns on the short sides and fifteen on the long sides, instead of the period's usual ratio of 6:13, which gave it the characteristic elongated shape of Archaic temples. Inside the cella, on either side was a series of five Ionic half-columns engaged in buttresses, which projected from the sidewalls dividing the space into niches. The last pair of half-columns divided the cella diagonally, not at right angles like the others. Between them stood a single column. Its capital, recorded in the drawings of the first modern travellers, is the earliest known example of a Corinthian capital in the history of Greek architecture (fragments of the capital are now in the National Archaeological Museum). According to one theory this column was in fact an aniconic representation of the deity in accordance with the earliest Arcadian traditions, while another theory suggests that the fifth pair of half-columns, which stood on either side of this one, was also Corinthian. The cult statue of Apollo was inside the adyton, which was located behind the Corinthian column. A door on the east wall led to the pteron, on the outside. The two-sloped roof had marble tiles of Corinthian type. A Doric frieze of undecorated metopes and triglyphs ran along the outer fa?ades. Only the inner metopes of the short sides were decorated: those on the pronaos had depictions of Apollo's return to Olympus and those on the opisthodomos contained the rapture of the daughters of the Messenian king Leukippos by the Dioskouroi. The pediments may have been undecorated. The temple's main decorative feature was the marble Ionic frieze supported by the Ionic half-columns of the cella. This frieze was thirty-one metres long and consisted of twenty-three marble slabs, of which twelve depicted battles between Greeks and Amazons and the remaining eleven showed battles between Lapiths and Centaurs. The frieze was unearthed by foreign antiquaries in 1812 and sold to the British Museum in 1815. It may have been the work of Paionios, who also executed the celebrated statue of Nike at Olympia. The temple remained in use into the Hellenistic and Roman periods, its roof being repaired several times. After the building was abandoned, the decaying roof caved in causing extensive damage, further aggravated by human intervention with the removal of the metal clasps used in its construction. The temple, identified in 1765 by French architect J. Bocher, was first explored by a group of antiquaries in 1812. In 1902-6, the Greek Archaeological Society excavated and restored parts of the temple. In 1975 the newly founded Committee for the Conservation of the Temple of Apollo Epikourios launched a program for the monument's conservation and restoration. The Committee was reformed in 1982 and the Ministry of Culture has been overseeing the difficult task of restoring the monument ever since. A shelter, which will be removed at the end of the works, was erected in 1987 to protect the temple against the region's extreme weather conditions. (http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=1142)
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